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Virtual reality rehabilitation in children with brain injury: a randomized controlled trial

Authors
 Ja Young Choi  ;  Sook-Hee Yi  ;  Lijuan Ao  ;  Xin Tang  ;  Xuan Xu  ;  Dain Shim  ;  Beomki Yoo  ;  Eun Sook Park  ;  Dong-Wook Rha 
Citation
 DEVELOPMENTAL MEDICINE AND CHILD NEUROLOGY, Vol.63(4) : 480-487, 2021-04 
Journal Title
 DEVELOPMENTAL MEDICINE AND CHILD NEUROLOGY 
ISSN
 0012-1622 
Issue Date
2021-04
Abstract
Aim: To investigate the efficacy of a virtual reality rehabilitation system of wearable multi-inertial sensors to improve upper-limb function in children with brain injury. Method: Eighty children (39 males, 41 females) with brain injury including cerebral palsy aged 3 to 16 years (mean age 5y 8mo, SD 2y 10mo) were assessed as part of a multicentre, single-blind, randomized controlled trial. The intervention group received a 30-minute virtual reality intervention and a 30-minute session of conventional occupational therapy while the control group received 60 minutes of conventional occupational therapy per session, with 20 sessions over 4 weeks. The virtual reality rehabilitation system consisted of games promoting wrist and forearm articular movements using wearable inertial sensors. The Melbourne Assessment of Unilateral Upper Limb Function-2 (MA-2), Upper Limb Physician's Rating Scale, Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory Computer Adaptive Test, and computerized three-dimensional motion analysis were performed. Results: Both groups (virtual reality, n=40; control, n=38) significantly improved after treatment compared to baseline; however, the virtual reality group showed more significant improvements in upper-limb dexterity functions (MA-2, virtual reality group: Δ=10.09±10.50; control: Δ=3.65±6.92), performance of activities of daily living, and forearm supination by kinematic analysis (p<0.05). In the virtual reality group, children with more severe motor impairment showed significant improvements compared to those with less severe impairment. Interpretation: The virtual reality rehabilitation system used in this study, which consists of wearable inertial sensors and offers intensive, interactive, and repetitive motor training, is effective in children with brain injury. What this paper adds: Both virtual reality rehabilitation and conventional occupational therapy were effective for upper-limb training. Virtual reality training was superior in improving dexterity, performance of activities of daily living, and active forearm supination motion. The effect of virtual reality training was significant in children with more severe motor impairments.
Full Text
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/dmcn.14762
DOI
10.1111/dmcn.14762
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Rha, Dong Wook(나동욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7153-4937
Park, Eun Sook(박은숙) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9144-3063
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/182398
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