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Clinical features and prognostic factors in 71 eyes over 20 years from patients with Coats' disease in Korea

Authors
 Hyun Goo Kang  ;  Jung Dong Kim  ;  Eun Young Choi  ;  Suk Ho Byeon  ;  Sung Soo Kim  ;  Hyoung Jun Koh  ;  Min Kim 
Citation
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.11(1) : 6124, 2021-03 
Journal Title
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 
Issue Date
2021-03
Abstract
This retrospective study assesses the clinical features, treatment strategies, and long-term outcomes of patients with Coats' disease in Korea. Multimodal imaging and medical records of consecutive patients treated between July 2000 and April 2020 at two tertiary centers were evaluated based on onset age (adult vs. childhood [< 18 years]). Factors associated with final visual acuity (VA) and risk of treatment failure were assessed. A total of 71 eyes of 67 patients were included, with subgrouping by onset age showing 45% childhood and 55% adult cases. Overall, Stage 2 disease was most common at presentation (76%), though childhood cases had more Stage 3b (22% vs. 3%, P = 0.02) and greater clock hours of retinal telangiectasia (7 vs. 5, P = 0.005). First-line treatment included laser (25%), combined laser/anti-VEGF (23%), cryotherapy (20%), surgery (16%), and anti-VEGF only (9%). Cryotherapy was associated with a higher risk for secondary interventions (OR 11.8, P < 0.001), required in 56% overall. Despite a 3-line VA decrease in 34% overall, adult cases had superior final VA (P = 0.037). Multivariable regression showed that the number of anti-VEGF injections performed during the initial treatment period was associated with a 9.4 letter improvement in vision (P = 0.041). We observed a higher proportion of adult-onset Coats' disease than previously reported in other non-Asian populations. An aggressive treatment with the addition of anti-VEGF may yield the most favorable long-term visual outcomes.
Files in This Item:
T202101048.pdf Download
DOI
10.1038/s41598-021-85739-9
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Hyun Goo(강현구) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8359-9618
Koh, Hyoung Jun(고형준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5932-8516
Kim, Min(김민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1873-6959
Kim, Sung Soo(김성수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0574-7993
Byeon, Suk Ho(변석호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8101-0830
Choi, Eun Young(최은영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1668-6452
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/182354
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