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Clinical impact of serum bilirubin levels on kidney transplant outcomes

 Juhan Lee  ;  Eun Jin Kim  ;  Jae Geun Lee  ;  Beom Seok Kim  ;  Kyu Ha Huh  ;  Myoung Soo Kim  ;  Soon Il Kim  ;  Yu Seun Kim  ;  Dong Jin Joo 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.11(1) : 6889, 2021-03 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Serum bilirubin, a potent endogenous antioxidant, has been associated with decreased risks of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and kidney disease. However, the effects of serum bilirubin on kidney transplant outcomes remain undetermined. We analyzed 1628 patients who underwent kidney transplantations between 2003 and 2017. Patients were grouped into sex-specific quartiles according to mean serum bilirubin levels, 3-12 months post-transplantation. Median bilirubin levels were 0.66 mg/dL in males and 0.60 mg/dL in females. The intra-individual variability of serum bilirubin levels was low (9%). Serum bilirubin levels were inversely associated with graft loss, death-censored graft failure, and all-cause mortality, independent of renal function, donor status, and transplant characteristics. Multivariable analysis revealed that the lowest serum bilirubin quartile was associated with increased risk of graft loss (HR 2.64, 95% CI 1.67-4.18, P < 0.001), death-censored graft failure (HR 2.97, 95% CI 1.63-5.42, P < 0.001), and all-cause mortality (HR 2.07, 95% CI 1.01-4.22, P = 0.046). Patients with lower serum bilirubin were also at greater risk of rejection and exhibited consistently lower glomerular filtration rates than those with higher serum bilirubin. Serum bilirubin levels were significantly associated with transplantation outcomes, suggesting that bilirubin could represent a therapeutic target for improving long-term transplant outcomes.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Myoung Soo(김명수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8975-8381
Kim, Beom Seok(김범석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5732-2583
Kim, Soon Il(김순일) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0783-7538
Kim, Yu Seun(김유선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5105-1567
Kim, Eun Jin(김은진)
Lee, Jae Geun(이재근) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6722-0257
Lee, Ju Han(이주한)
Joo, Dong Jin(주동진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8405-1531
Huh, Kyu Ha(허규하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1364-6989
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