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Post-transplant absolute lymphocyte count predicts early cytomegalovirus infection after heart transplantation

 Minjae Yoon  ;  Jaewon Oh  ;  Kyeong-Hyeon Chun  ;  Chan Joo Lee  ;  Seok-Min Kang 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.11(1) : 1426, 2021-01 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Immunosuppressive therapy can decrease rejection episodes and increase the risk of severe and fatal infections in heart transplantation (HT) recipients. Immunosuppressive therapy can also decrease the absolute lymphocyte count (ALC), but the relationship between early post-transplant ALC and early cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is largely unknown, especially in HT. We retrospectively analyzed 58 HT recipients who tested positive for CMV IgG antibody and received basiliximab induction therapy. We collected preoperative and 2-month postoperative data on ALC and CMV load. The CMV load > 1200 IU/mL was used as the cutoff value to define early CMV infection. Post-transplant lymphopenia was defined as an ALC of < 500 cells/μL at postoperative day (POD) #7. On POD #7, 29 (50.0%) patients had post-transplant lymphopenia and 29 (50.0%) patients did not. The incidence of CMV infection within 1 or 2 months of HT was higher in the post-transplant lymphopenia group than in the non-lymphopenia group (82.8% vs. 48.3%, P = 0.013; 89.7% vs. 65.5%, P = 0.028, respectively). ALC < 500 cells/μL on POD #7 was an independent risk factor for early CMV infection within 1 month of HT (odds ratio, 4.14; 95% confidence interval, 1.16-14.77; P = 0.029). A low ALC after HT was associated with a high risk of early CMV infection. Post-transplant ALC monitoring is simple and inexpensive and can help identify patients at high risk of early CMV infection.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Seok Min(강석민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9856-9227
Oh, Jae Won(오재원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4585-1488
Lee, Chan Joo(이찬주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8756-409X
Chun, Kyeong Hyeon(전경현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7798-658X
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