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Clinical Utility of Preoperative Vitamin D3 Injection for Preventing Transient Hypocalcemia after Total Thyroidectomy

Authors
 Kwangsoon Kim  ;  Cho Rok Lee  ;  Sang-Wook Kang  ;  Jandee Lee  ;  Jong Ju Jeong  ;  Kee-Hyun Nam  ;  Woong Youn Chung 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY, Vol.2021 : 6683089, 2021-02 
Journal Title
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY 
ISSN
 1687-8337 
Issue Date
2021-02
Abstract
Background: Postoperative transient hypocalcemia (TH) is a common complication of total thyroidectomy. This retrospective study evaluated the clinical utility of preoperative vitamin D3 injection for the prevention of TH after total thyroidectomy. Methods: We included 2294 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy from January 2015 until October 2018 and retrospectively analyzed their data by complete chart review at our hospital. The patients were divided into two groups: vitamin D3 injection (VDI; n = 342) and vitamin D3 noninjection (VDN; n = 1952). TH was defined as serum calcium <8.2 mg/dL and signs or symptoms of hypocalcemia. Results: The mean preoperative serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) levels of the VDI group were significantly lower than those of the VDN group (16.5 ± 6.9 ng/mL vs 19.4 ± 8.7 ng/mL, p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis indicated that the significant risk factors of TH include vitamin D noninjection (hazard ratio (HR): 1.717, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.282-2.300, p < 0.001), male gender (HR: 1.427, 95% CI: 1.117-1.822, p = 0.004), and capsular extension (HR: 1.273, 95% CI: 1.011-1.603, p = 0.040). Conclusions: Preoperative vitamin D3 injection significantly contributed to the prevention of TH after total thyroidectomy. Further prospective or multicenter studies must be conducted to determine the effect of vitamin D3 injection.
Files in This Item:
T202100485.pdf Download
DOI
10.1155/2021/6683089
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Sang Wook(강상욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5355-833X
Nam, Kee Hyun(남기현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6852-1190
Lee, Jan Dee(이잔디) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4090-0049
Lee, Cho Rok(이초록) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7848-3709
Chung, Woong Youn(정웅윤)
Jeong, Jong Ju(정종주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4155-6035
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/182140
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