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Soluble Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator Receptor, Changes of 24-Hour Blood Pressure, and Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease

Authors
 Jong Hyun Jhee  ;  Bo Young Nam  ;  Chan Joo Lee  ;  Jung Tak Park  ;  Seung Hyeok Han  ;  Shin-Wook Kang  ;  Sungha Park  ;  Tae-Hyun Yoo 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION, Vol.10(1) : e017225, 2021-01 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION
Issue Date
2021-01
Keywords
chronic kidney disease ; dipping pattern ; progression of kidney disease ; soluble urokinase‐type plasminogen activator receptor
Abstract
Background Soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is associated with cardiovascular risks and poor renal outcomes. However, whether elevated suPAR levels are associated with 24-hour blood pressure patterns or kidney disease progression in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unclear. Methods and Results A total of 751 patients with CKD stage 1 to 5 were recruited from CMERC-HI (Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Etiology Research Center-High Risk) cohort study (2013-2018). The relationship of serum suPAR levels to 24-hour blood pressure parameters and CKD progression was analyzed. The median serum suPAR level was 1439.0 (interquartile range, 1026.2-2150.1) pg/mL, and the mean estimated glomerular filtration rate was 52.8±28.5 mL/min per 1.73 m2 at baseline. Patients with higher suPAR levels had significantly higher levels of office, 24-hour, daytime, and nighttime systolic blood pressure and nighttime diastolic blood pressure than those with lower suPAR levels. The highest suPAR tertile was associated with an increased risk of a reverse dipping pattern (odds ratio, 2.93; 95% CI, 1.27-6.76; P=0.01). During a follow-up of 43.2 (interquartile range, 27.0-55.6) months, the CKD progression occurred in 271 (36.1%) patients. The highest suPAR tertile was significantly associated with higher risk of CKD progression than the lowest tertile (hazard ratio [HR], 2.09; 95% CI, 1.37-3.21; P=0.001). When the relationship was reevaluated with respect to each dipping pattern (dipper, extreme dipper, nondipper, and reverse dipper), this association was consistent only in reverse dippers in whom the risk of CKD progression increased (HR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.02-2.01; P=0.03) with every 1-unit increase in serum suPAR levels. Conclusions Elevated suPAR levels are independently associated with CKD progression, and this association is prominent in reverse dippers.
Files in This Item:
T202100154.pdf Download
DOI
10.1161/JAHA.120.017225
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Shin Wook(강신욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5677-4756
Park, Sung Ha(박성하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5362-478X
Park, Jung Tak(박정탁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2325-8982
Yoo, Tae Hyun(유태현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9183-4507
Lee, Chan Joo(이찬주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8756-409X
Jhee, Jong Hyun(지종현)
Han, Seung Hyeok(한승혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7923-5635
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/181989
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