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Resveratrol Activates Natural Killer Cells through Akt- and mTORC2-Mediated c-Myb Upregulation

Authors
 Yoo-Jin Lee  ;  Jongsun Kim 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, Vol.21(24) : 9575, 2020-12 
Journal Title
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES 
Issue Date
2020-12
Keywords
Akt ; NK cells ; c-Myb ; mTOR complex 2 ; resveratrol
Abstract
Natural killer (NK) cells are suitable targets for cancer immunotherapy owing to their potent cytotoxic activity. To maximize the therapeutic efficacy of cancer immunotherapy, adjuvants need to be identified. Resveratrol is a well-studied polyphenol with various potential health benefits, including antitumor effects. We previously found that resveratrol is an NK cell booster, suggesting that it can serve as an adjuvant for cancer immunotherapy. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the activation of NK cells by resveratrol remains unclear. The present study aimed to determine this mechanism. To this end, we investigated relevant pathways in NK cells using Western blot, real-time polymerase chain reaction, pathway inhibitor, protein/DNA array, and cytotoxicity analyses. We confirmed the synergistic effects of resveratrol and interleukin (IL)-2 on enhancing the cytolytic activity of NK cells. Resveratrol activated Akt by regulating Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) Complex 2 (mTORC2) via phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) and ribosomal protein S6 kinase beta-1 (S6K1). Moreover, resveratrol-mediated NK cell activation was more dependent on the mTOR pathway than the Akt pathway. Importantly, resveratrol increased the expression of c-Myb, a downstream transcription factor of Akt and mTORC2. Moreover, c-Myb was essential for resveratrol-induced NK cell activation in combination with IL-2. Our results demonstrate that resveratrol activates NK cells through Akt- and mTORC2-mediated c-Myb upregulation.
Files in This Item:
T202005925.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/ijms21249575
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Microbiology (미생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jong Sun(김종선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3149-669X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/181478
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