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Effects of pterostilbene on stress-related behaviors and their underlying neuroinflammatory and hormonal changes in mice

Other Titles
 마우스에서 pterostilbene이 스트레스 관련 행동변화 및 기저 신경염증과 호르몬 변화에 미치는 영향 
 College of Medicine (의과대학) 
 Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) 
Issue Date
Background: Pterostilbene is a natural compound contained in various dietary sources that has received tremendous attention due to its antioxidant properties with promising benefits in cancers and vascular diseases. Currently, little is known about pterostilbene-associated neuroimmune-endocrine effects. We aimed to examine the efficacy of pterostilbene for improving stress-related behaviors, neuroinflammation, and hormonal changes in a mouse stress model. Methods: To evaluate the efficacy of oral administration of pterostilbene or vehicle for 16 days for improving behavior, inflammation, and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis hyperactivity, mice were divided into a normal control group or one of five restraint stress groups—the vehicle group; the 20, 40, or 80 mg/kg/day pterostilbene treatment group; or the 20 mg/kg/day resveratrol treatment group. Open field and forced swimming tests were conducted. Hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels, endocrine hormone levels, oxidative stress parameters, and histopathological features were assessed. Results: Oral pterostilbene administration significantly increased the measured times in the open field and forced swimming tests, elevated the BDNF level, decreased the inducible nitric oxide synthase and superoxide dismutase levels in the brain, and reduced the plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone and corticosterone levels. Compared to vehicle treatment, pterostilbene dose-dependently increased the numbers of neurons and decreased the numbers of glial and tumor necrosis factor alpha-immunolabeled cells in the hypothalamus. Conclusion: These findings suggest that pterostilbene may effectively modulate stress-related abnormal behaviors, neuroinflammation, and hyperactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 3. Dissertation
Yonsei Authors
Park, Byoungjin(박병진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1733-5301
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