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Development of a Bioactive Flowable Resin Composite Containing a Zinc-Doped Phosphate-Based Glass

 Myung-Jin Lee  ;  Young-Bin Seo  ;  Ji-Young Seo  ;  Jeong-Hyun Ryu  ;  Hyo-Ju Ahn  ;  Kwang-Mahn Kim  ;  Jae-Sung Kwon  ;  Sung-Hwan Choi 
 NANOMATERIALS, Vol.10(11) : 2311, 2020-11 
Journal Title
Issue Date
antibacterial ; bioactive material ; biofilm ; bioglass ; dental restoration ; flowable resin composite ; plaque prevention ; tooth remineralization ; zinc
Flowable resins used for dental restoration are subject to biofilm formation. Zinc has antibacterial properties. Thus, we prepared a zinc-doped phosphate-based glass (Zn-PBG) to dope a flowable resin and evaluated the antibacterial activity of the composite against Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) to extrapolate the preventative effect toward secondary caries. The composites were prepared having 0 (control), 1.9, 3.8, and 5.4 wt.% Zn-PBG. The flexural strength, elastic modulus, microhardness, depth of cure, ion release, inhibition zone size, and number of colony-forming units were evaluated and analyzed using ANOVA. The flexural strength of the control was significantly higher than those of Zn-PBG samples (p < 0.05). However, all samples meet the International Standard, ISO 4049. The microhardness was not significantly different for the control group and 1.9 and 3.8 wt.% groups, but the 5.4 wt.% Zn-PBG group had a significantly lower microhardness (p < 0.05). Further, the composite resins increasingly released P, Ca, Na, and Zn ions with an increase in Zn-PBG content (p < 0.05). The colony-forming unit count revealed a significant reduction in S. mutans viability (p < 0.05) with increase in Zn-PBG content. Therefore, the addition of Zn-PBG to flowable composite resins enhances antibacterial activity and could aid the prevention of secondary caries.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Dental Biomaterials and Bioengineering (치과생체재료공학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Jae-Sung(권재성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9803-7730
Kim, Kwang Mahn(김광만) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5235-0294
Choi, Sung Hwan(최성환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1150-0268
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