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Clinical Experience of Vibroplasty With Direct Coupling to the Oval Window Without Use of a Coupler

 Sang Hyun Kwak  ;  Young Min Moon  ;  Gi-Sung Nam  ;  Seong Hoon Bae  ;  Sung Huhn Kim  ;  Jinsei Jung  ;  Jae Young Choi 
 LARYNGOSCOPE, Vol.130(12) : E926-E932, 2020-12 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Vibrant Soundbridge ; hearing rehabilitation ; oval window coupler ; severe mixed hearing loss
Objectives/hypothesis: To investigate the efficacy of direct implantation of a Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) implant in the oval window (OW) without the use of an OW coupler in patients with severe mixed hearing loss. Study design: Retrospective chart review METHODS: A total of 62 patients underwent VSB implantation between July 2016 and December 2018 at Severance Hospital in Seoul, South Korea. Among them, eight patients (nine ears) with moderate-to-severe mixed hearing loss were implanted with a VSB directly in the OW. A floating mass transducer (FMT) was attached to the stapes footplate and covered with tragal cartilage. The outcomes were evaluated using pure-tone audiogram and speech audiogram preoperatively and postoperatively. Word recognition score (WRS; % correct) were measured at the most comfortable loudness (MCL) level to evaluate speech perception. Results: All cases posed difficulty with round window vibroplasty during surgery, and eventually, an FMT was appropriately placed in the OW without a coupler. Preoperative and postoperative bone conduction thresholds were not different. VSB-aided threshold improved in terms of functional and effective gains. Interestingly, four cases showed improved air conduction thresholds without the use of a VSB. In addition, MCL level with a VSB was significantly lower than that with a hearing aid, and VSB-aided WRS improved over time. Conclusions: Direct implantation of a VSB in the OW without the use of a coupler showed favorable hearing outcomes, and the OW vibroplasty was safe. Direct OW vibroplasty without a coupler is a reliable procedure and can be a good option for hearing rehabilitation in patients with severe mixed hearing loss. Level of evidence: 4 Laryngoscope, 2020.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology (이비인후과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Sung Huhn(김성헌)
Nam, Gi-Sung(남기성)
Bae, Seong Hoon(배성훈)
Jung, Jinsei(정진세) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1906-6969
Choi, Jae Young(최재영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9493-3458
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