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Bioresorbable magnesium-reinforced PLA membrane for guided bone/tissue regeneration

Authors
 Hao Yang Zhang  ;  Heng Bo Jiang  ;  Ji-Eun Kim  ;  ShuXin Zhang  ;  Kwang-Mahn Kim  ;  Jae-Sung Kwon 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS, Vol.112 : 104061, 2020-12 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS 
ISSN
 1751-6161 
Issue Date
2020-12
Keywords
Bioresorbable membrane ; Guided bone regeneration ; Guided tissue regeneration ; Magnesium alloy ; Polylactide ; Reinforced membrane
Abstract
Considering the inferior mechanical properties of the current bioresorbable polymers, a novel bioresorbable magnesium-reinforced polylactide (PLA) membrane was designed for the application in critical defect sites in guided bone/tissue regeneration. The PLA-FAZ91 membrane was fabricated by combining two PLA membranes with a fluoride-coated AZ91 (9 wt% Al, 1 wt% Zn) (FAZ91) magnesium alloy core by hot pressing. A combined double-layered PLA membrane was used as the control group. A three-point bending test was performed to compare their maximum load and stiffness. Samples were immersed in the HBSS for 20 weeks, and their weight loss percentages were recorded, and a three-point bending test was performed after immersion. An ion release test was performed by immersing samples in the HBSS for 4 weeks and determining the pH and ion concentrations of the HBSS. Cell viability was tested by culturing pre-osteoblast cells with sample extracts in the culture medium obtained from degraded samples. As a result, PLA-FAZ91 showed a significantly higher maximum load and stiffness than those of the non-reinforced PLA membrane. The weight loss of PLA-FAZ91 was much faster, as FAZ91 showed major degradation and was completely degraded after 16-20 weeks of immersion. The degradation of the PLA wrap was accelerated by FAZ91. The mechanical superiority of PLA-FAZ91 over PLA endured for at least 3 weeks during immersion. The pH, magnesium- and fluoride-ion concentration in the PLA-FAZ91 group increased at an appropriate rate. The cell viability was not adversely affected by the addition of FAZ91 to PLA. Therefore, the bioresorbable magnesium-reinforced PLA membrane has the potential to be used as a good alternative to pure PLA membrane in guided bone/tissue regeneration.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S175161612030610X
DOI
10.1016/j.jmbbm.2020.104061
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Dental Biomaterials and Bioengineering (치과생체재료공학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Jae-Sung(권재성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9803-7730
Kim, Kwang Mahn(김광만) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5235-0294
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/180649
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