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Characteristics of patients who visit the dental emergency room in a dental college hospital

Authors
 Chihun Kim  ;  Eunhye Choi  ;  Kyeong-Mee Park  ;  Eun-Jung Kwak  ;  Jisun Huh  ;  Wonse Park 
Citation
 Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, Vol.19(1) : 21-27, 2019-02 
Journal Title
Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
ISSN
 2383-9309 
Issue Date
2019-02
Keywords
Bleeding ; Dental Emergency ; Infection ; Pain ; Retrospective Study
Abstract
Background: Emergencies in dentistry can be classified as medical and dental. Medical emergencies occur mainly during dental treatment in patients with a systemic disease. Dental emergency departments are largely divided into dental emergency rooms located in dental college hospitals and medical emergency rooms located in medical institutions. This study aimed to analyze the characteristics of and provide help to dental emergency patients in a dental hospital.

Methods: Overall, 1806 patients admitted to a dental emergency room at Yonsei University Dental Hospital for 1 year were included. The data collection period was from October 1, 2014 to September 30, 2015. An investigator reviewed medical records from the electronic medical record (EMR) system and radiographs.

Results: The patients were 1,070 men and 736 women. The sex ratio was 1.45:1. The commonest age group was of 0-9 years, including 451 (25.0%) patients, followed by 20-29 years, including 353 (19.5%) patients, and 30-39 years, including 277 (15.3%) patients. Of the 108 patients transferred to the Severance emergency department, 81 had trauma, 19 were in pain, 4 were bleeding, and 4 had other complaints. Among chief complaints, 1,079 patients (60.3%) had trauma, 564 (31.5%) had pain, and 75 (4.2%) had bleeding. Twenty-three cases (1.3%) were caused by temporomandibular disorder (TMD).

Conclusion: Dentists should be able to adequately assess patients in a dental emergency room and treat trauma, pain, and bleeding.
Files in This Item:
T201906618.pdf Download
DOI
10.17245/jdapm.2019.19.1.21
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Advanced General Dentistry (통합치의학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Wonse(박원서) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2081-1156
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/180625
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