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Y-27632 Induces Neurite Outgrowth by Activating the NOX1-Mediated AKT and PAK1 Phosphorylation Cascades in PC12 Cells

Authors
 So Yeong Park  ;  Jeong Mi An  ;  Jeong Taeg Seo  ;  Su Ryeon Seo 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, Vol.21(20) : 7679, 2020-10 
Journal Title
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES 
Issue Date
2020-10
Keywords
AKT ; NADPH oxidase ; Y-27632 ; neurite outgrowth ; p21-activated kinase 1
Abstract
Y-27632 is known as a selective Rho-associated coiled coil-forming kinase (ROCK) inhibitor. Y-27632 has been shown to induce neurite outgrowth in several neuronal cells. However, the precise molecular mechanisms linking neurite outgrowth to Y-27632 are not completely understood. In this study, we examined the ability of Y-27632 to induce neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells and evaluated the signaling cascade. The effect of Y-27632 on the neurite outgrowth was inhibited by reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavengers such as N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) and trolox. Furthermore, Y-27632-induced neurite outgrowth was not triggered by NADPH oxidase 1 (NOX1) knockdown or diphenyleneiodonium (DPI), a NOX inhibitor. Suppression of the Rho-family GTPase Rac1, which is under the negative control of ROCK, with expression of the dominant negative Rac1 mutant (Rac1N17) prevented Y-27632-induced neurite outgrowth. Moreover, the Rac1 inhibitor NSC23766 prevented Y-27632-induced AKT and p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) activation. AKT inhibition with MK2206 suppressed Y-27632-induced PAK1 phosphorylation and neurite outgrowth. In conclusion, our results suggest that Rac1/NOX1-dependent ROS generation and subsequent activation of the AKT/PAK1 cascade contribute to Y-27632-induced neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells.
Files in This Item:
T202004594.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/ijms21207679
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Seo, Jeong Taeg(서정택) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2697-0251
An, Jeong Mi(안정미)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/180322
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