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Biomechanical Evaluation of Initial Stability of a Root Analogue Implant Design with Drilling Protocol: A 3D Finite Element Analysis

 Ki-Sun Lee  ;  Won-Chang Lee  ;  Pan-Gyu Kim  ;  Ji-Man Park  ;  Ki-Tae Koo  ;  Jae-Jun Ryu  ;  Sang-Wan Shin 
 APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, Vol.10(12) : 4104, 2020-06 
Journal Title
Issue Date
root analogue implant ; initial stability ; finite element analysis
Background: The aim of this study was to biomechanically evaluate the initial stability of a patient-specific root analogue implant (RAI) design with drilling protocol by comparing it to designs without drilling protocol through a 3D finite element analysis (FEA). Methods: A 3D surface model of an RAI for the upper right incisor was constructed. To evaluate the effect of root apex drilling, four modified RAI shapes were designed with the press-fit implantation method: Non-modified, wedge added at root surface, lattice added at root surface, and apex-anchor added at root apex (AA). Each model was subjected to an oblique load of 100 N. To simulate the initial stability of implantation, contact conditions at the implant–bone interface were set to allow for the sliding phenomenon with low friction (frictional coefficient 0.1–0.5). Analysis was performed to evaluate micro-displacements of the implants and peak stress on the surrounding bones. Results: Under all low frictional coefficient conditions, the lowest von Mises stress level on the cortical bone and fewest micro-displacements of the implant were observed in the AA design. Conclusion: In view of these results, the AA design proved superior in reducing the stress concentration on the supporting cortical bone and the micro-displacement of RAI.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Prosthodontics (보철과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Ji-Man(박지만) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0018-1166
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