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Predictors and outcomes of sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy in critically ill patients

 Myung Jin Song  ;  Sang Hoon Lee  ;  Ah Young Leem  ;  Song Yee Kim  ;  Kyung Soo Chung  ;  Eun Young Kim  ;  Ji Ye Jung  ;  Young Ae Kang  ;  Young Sam Kim  ;  Joon Chang  ;  Moo Suk Park 
 ACUTE AND CRITICAL CARE, Vol.35(2) : 67-76, 2020-05 
Journal Title
Issue Date
APACHE ; delta neutrophil fraction ; ejection fraction ; mortality ; prognosis ; sepsis
Background: Sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC) occurs frequently in critically ill patients, but the clinical features and prognostic impact of SIC on sepsis outcome remain controversial. Here, we investigated the predictors and outcomes of SIC. Methods: Patients admitted to a single medical intensive care unit from June 2016 to September 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. SIC was diagnosed by ejection fraction (EF) <50% and ≥10% decrease in baseline EF that recovered within 2 weeks. Results: In total, 342 patients with sepsis met the inclusion criteria, and 49 patients (14.3%) were diagnosed with SIC; the latter were compared with 259 patients whose EF was not deteriorated by sepsis (non-SIC). Low systolic blood pressure and increased left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) were identified as predictors of SIC. SIC and non-SIC patients did not differ significantly in terms of 28-day all-cause mortality (24.5% vs. 26.3%, P=0.936). Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II; hazard ratio [HR], 1.10; 95% confidential interval [CI], 1.02 to 1.18; P=0.009) and delta neutrophil index (DNI; HR, 1.02; 95% CI, 1.00 to 1.08; P=0.026) were independent risk factors for 28-day mortality with SIC. DNI, APACHE II, and lactate were identified as risk factors for 28-day mortality in sepsis patients as a whole. Conclusions: SIC was not associated with increased mortality compared to non-SIC. Low systolic blood pressure and increased LVEDD were predictors of SIC. High APACHE II score and elevated DNI, which reflect sepsis severity, predict 28-day all-cause mortality.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Young Ae(강영애) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7783-5271
Kim, Song Yee(김송이) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8627-486X
Kim, Young Sam(김영삼) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9656-8482
Kim, Eun Young(김은영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3281-5744
Park, Moo Suk(박무석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0820-7615
Song, Myung Jin(송명진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2218-8959
Lee, Sang Hoon(이상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7706-5318
Leem, Ah Young(임아영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5165-3704
Chang, Joon(장준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4542-6841
Jung, Kyung Soo(정경수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1604-8730
Jung, Ji Ye(정지예) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1589-4142
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