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Factors associated with different numbers of health behaviors by living arrangements

 Namhee Kim  ;  Heejung Kim  ;  Sooyoung Kwon 
 BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol.20(1) : 1141, 2020-07 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Health behavior ; Living alone ; Living arrangements
Background: As the number of individuals living alone increases, it becomes clear that health disparities vary according to a person's living arrangement. However, very few studies have investigated the characteristics of individuals who improve or maintain multiple healthy behaviors based on their living arrangements. This study aimed to explore the differing individual characteristics and multiple health behaviors in Korean adults living alone compared to those living with others and to identify the factors significantly associated with these behaviors. Methods: This study utilized a secondary analysis, using 2013-2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data, with a cross-sectional and descriptive correlational design (N = 15,934). Multiple health behaviors, based on the comparison of past and present behaviors, included smoking, alcohol consumption, and weight control. The total number of health behaviors was calculated as the sum of each single health behavior. The different numbers of health behaviors were categorized into four levels: from 0, none of the three health behaviors to 3, all three health behaviors. Descriptive statistics and generalized ordinal logistic regression analysis were used. Results: People living alone engaged in fewer healthy behaviors (p < 0.05) and reported lower rates of maintenance of abstinence from smoking and weight control compared to those living with others, but they maintained a status of abstaining from alcohol consumption more than those living with others (p ≤ 0.001). In particular, higher self-rated health statuses (Adjusted Odds Ratio [aOR] = 2.03, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] = 1.04-3.97), being overweight (aOR = 1.46, 95% CI = 1.11-1.92), and having shorter sleep durations per day (aOR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.55-0.99) were significantly associated with 0, 1 versus 2, 3 levels of healthy behaviors in those living alone. Conclusions: Korean adults who lived alone had different factors associated with different combinations of multiple healthy behaviors compared to those living with others. Therefore, we need to manage healthy behaviors by considering associated factors for those living alone. Specifically, clinicians should consider the vulnerability of health behaviors in people living alone and provide customized approaches and multidimensional interventions based on their living arrangements.
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3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Heejung(김희정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3719-0111
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