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Impact of Adjuvant Chemotherapy Completion on Oncologic Outcomes in ypTNMstage 2 Rectal Cancer Patients

 Youn Young Park  ;  Kang Young Lee  ;  Nam Kyu Kim  ;  Sat Byol Lee  ;  Ga Ram Kim  ;  Byung Soh Min  ;  Seong-Taek Oh 
 ANNALS OF COLOPROCTOLOGY, Vol.35(6) : 335-341, 2019-12 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adjuvant chemotherap ; Chemoradiotherapy ; Neoadjuvant therapy ; Rectal neoplasm
Purpose: Adjuvant chemotherapy (aCT) in rectal cancer patients who have undergone curative resection after neoadjuvant chemoradiation (nCRT) is controversial. We aimed to investigate the benefits of using aCT and the clinical impact of completing aCT in ypstage 2 rectal cancer patients.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed clinicopathological data from patients who had undergone radical resection after nCRT between January 2006 and December 2012. In total, 152 patients with ypT3/4N0M0 rectal cancer were included. Of these patients, 139 initiated aCT, while 13 did not receive aCT (no-aCT). Among those who received aCT, 132 patients completed their planned cycles (aCT-completion) whereas 7 did not (aCT-incompletion). All patients received longcourse chemoradiation; a 5-fluorouracil-based regimen was used for nCRT in most patients. The prognostic factors affecting disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed.

Results: The median follow-up duration was 41 months. Demographic data did not differ significantly among the 3 groups. In multivariate analysis, open surgery, a tumor size >2 cm, retrieval of <12 lymph nodes, circumferential resection margin (CRM) positivity and aCT incompletion were independent prognostic factors for poor DFS. Old age (≥60 years), open surgery, CRM positivity, aCT incompletion, and lack of aCT initiation compared to aCT completion were independent prognostic factors for poor OS.

Conclusion: In ypstage 2 rectal cancer patients, aCT after nCRT and total mesorectal excision affected both DFS and OS; however, only patients who completed planned aCT exhibited survival benefits. Therefore, improving patients' compliance with the completion of aCT is desirable.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Nam Kyu(김남규) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0639-5632
Min, Byung Soh(민병소) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0180-8565
Lee, Kang Young(이강영)
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