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Developing a Mobile App for Monitoring Medical Record Changes Using Blockchain: Development and Usability Study

 MinDong Sung  ;  SungJun Park  ;  Sungjae Jung  ;  Eunsol Lee  ;  Jaehoon Lee  ;  Yu Rang Park 
 JOURNAL OF MEDICAL INTERNET RESEARCH, Vol.22(8) : e19657, 2020-08 
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blockchain ; clinical documents ; monitoring app
Background: Although we are living in an era of transparency, medical documents are often still difficult to access. Blockchain technology allows records to be both immutable and transparent.

Objective: Using blockchain technology, the aim of this study was to develop a medical document monitoring system that informs patients of changes to their medical documents. We then examined whether patients can effectively verify the monitoring of their primary care clinical medical records in a system based on blockchain technology.

Methods: We enrolled participants who visited two primary care clinics in Korea. Three substudies were performed: (1) a survey of the recognition of blockchain medical records changes and the digital literacy of participants; (2) an observational study on participants using the blockchain-based mobile alert app; and (3) a usability survey study. The participants' medical documents were profiled with HL7 Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources, hashed, and transacted to the blockchain. The app checked the changes in the documents by querying the blockchain.

Results: A total of 70 participants were enrolled in this study. Considering their recognition of changes to their medical records, participants tended to not allow these changes. Participants also generally expressed a desire for a medical record monitoring system. Concerning digital literacy, most questions were answered with "good," indicating fair digital literacy. In the second survey, only 44 participants-those who logged into the app more than once and used the app for more than 28 days-were included in the analysis to determine whether they exhibited usage patterns. The app was accessed a mean of 5.1 (SD 2.6) times for 33.6 (SD 10.0) days. The mean System Usability Scale score was 63.21 (SD 25.06), which indicated satisfactory usability.

Conclusions: Patients showed great interest in a blockchain-based system to monitor changes in their medical records. The blockchain system is useful for informing patients of changes in their records via the app without uploading the medical record itself to the network. This ensures the transparency of medical records as well as patient empowerment.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Biomedical Systems Informatics (의생명시스템정보학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Yu Rang(박유랑) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4210-2094
Sung, MinDong(성민동) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5217-8877
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