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Annual Disease Experience by Type and Correlations with Unmet Healthcare Needs among ROK Military Personnel

 Hwi Jun Kim  ;  Sarah So Yeon Oh  ;  Dong Woo Choi  ;  Sun Yeong Won  ;  Hae Jung Kim  ;  Sung Chan Ko  ;  Sung-In Jang  ;  Eun-Cheol Park 
 MILITARY MEDICINE, Vol.185(7~8) : e944-e951, 2020-08 
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Introduction: The National Statistical Yearbook of Defense 2018 issued by the Republic of Korea (ROK) Ministry of National Defense reported that the number of patients using military hospitals steadily increased from 2008 to 2017. However, in the outpatient clinic statistics for years 2015-2017 from the ROK Armed Forces Medical Command, the amount of medical care received from some medical departments, such as the infection medicine, surgery, and anesthesiology departments, decreased. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to observe the differences in incidence of military personnel's unmet healthcare needs according to number of diseases by type. Materials and methods: The study used data from the Military Health Survey, which was conducted from 2014 to 2015 and included 5162 responses from ROK military personnel. The number of diseases by type and unmet healthcare needs were self-reported. A multiple logistic regression analysis was used to examine the validity of the annual disease experience by type and correlations with unmet healthcare needs. Results: Of the 5162 military personnel, 25.2% experienced unmet healthcare needs, and the more people with the number of disease by type, the more likely they were to experience unmet healthcare needs (1: 13.4%, 2: 22.9%, 3: 29.2%, 4: 34.5%, 5: 41.4%). The logistic regression analysis also revealed significant differences (1 = REF, 2 odds ratio (OR) = 1.83, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.50-2.24; 3 OR = 2.53, 95% CI: 2.05-3.11, 4 OR = 3.10, 95% CI = 2.49-3.85; ≥5 OR = 3.85, 95% CI = 3.08-4.81). In addition, subgroup analysis showed that female military personnel are more likely to experience unmet healthcare needs than are male military personnel. We have also confirmed that working areas and private insurance can affect unmet healthcare needs. Conclusion: This study suggests that unmet healthcare needs are influenced by the number of disease by the type of ROK military personnel. It is therefore necessary to strive to reduce the number of military personnel who experience unmet healthcare needs through this data.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
Jang, Sung In(장성인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0760-2878
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