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Impact of vanA-Positive Enterococcus faecium Exhibiting Diverse Susceptibility Phenotypes to Glycopeptides on 30-Day Mortality of Patients with a Bloodstream Infection

Authors
 Dokyun Kim  ;  Eun-Jeong Yoon  ;  Jun Sung Hong  ;  Hyukmin Lee  ;  Kyeong Seob Shin  ;  Jeong Hwan Shin  ;  Young Ree Kim  ;  Hyun Soo Kim  ;  Young Ah Kim  ;  Young Uh  ;  Jong Hee Shin  ;  Yoon Soo Park  ;  Seok Hoon Jeong 
Citation
 ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY, Vol.64(7) : e02180-19, 2020-07 
Journal Title
 ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY 
ISSN
 0066-4804 
Issue Date
2020-07
Keywords
Enterococcus faecium ; VanD phenotype ; clinical outcome ; teicoplanin ; vancomycin
Abstract
This study was performed to evaluate the impacts of vanA positivity of Enterococcus faecium exhibiting diverse susceptibility phenotypes to glycopeptides on clinical outcomes in patients with a bloodstream infection (BSI) through a prospective, multicenter, observational study. A total of 509 patients with E. faecium BSI from eight sentinel hospitals in South Korea during a 2-year period were enrolled in this study. Risk factors of the hosts and causative E. faecium isolates were assessed to determine associations with the 30-day mortality of E. faecium BSI patients via multivariable logistic regression analyses. The vanA gene was detected in 35.2% (179/509) of E. faecium isolates; 131 E. faecium isolates exhibited typical VanA phenotypes (group vanA-VanA), while the remaining 48 E. faecium isolates exhibited atypical phenotypes (group vanA-atypical), which included VanD (n = 43) and vancomycin-variable phenotypes (n = 5). A multivariable logistic regression indicated that vanA positivity of causative pathogens was independently associated with the increased 30-day mortality rate in the patients with E. faecium BSI; however, there was no significant difference in survival rates between the patients of the vanA-VanA and vanA-atypical groups (log rank test, P = 0.904). A high 30-day mortality rate was observed in patients with vanA-positive E. faecium BSIs, and vanA positivity of causative E. faecium isolates was an independent risk factor for early mortality irrespective of the susceptibility phenotypes to glycopeptides; thus, intensified antimicrobial stewardship is needed to improve the clinical outcomes of patients with vanA-positive E. faecium BSI.
Full Text
https://aac.asm.org/content/64/7/e02180-19.long
DOI
10.1128/AAC.02180-19
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Dokyun(김도균) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0348-5440
Lee, Hyuk Min(이혁민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8523-4126
Jeong, Seok Hoon(정석훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9290-897X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/179603
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