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The contributing factors for lateral neck lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC)

 Kwangsoon Kim  ;  Xiaojin Zheng  ;  Jin Kyong Kim  ;  Cho Rok Lee  ;  Sang-Wook Kang  ;  Jandee Lee  ;  Jong Ju Jeong  ;  Kee-Hyun Nam  ;  Woong Youn Chung 
 ENDOCRINE, Vol.69(1) : 149-156, 2020-07 
Journal Title
Issue Date
BRAF ; Lateral neck lymph node metastasis ; Papillary thyroid carcinoma ; Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma
Purpose: Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) has an excellent prognosis due to its indolent features. Only few studies have assessed the clinical factors that can predict lateral neck lymph node metastasis (LLNM) in patients with PTMC. This study aimed to examine the clinicopathological factors associated with LLNM in patients with PTMC. Methods: We reviewed medical records of 3578 patients with PTMC that was ≤1 cm in diameter on final pathology at Yonsei University Hospital between January 2015 and December 2017. The patients were divided into two groups (metastasis group [n = 157] and no metastasis group [n = 3421]). Results: The proportion of patients with multifocality, extrathyroidal extension (ETE), and central node metastasis was significantly higher in metastasis group (p < 0.001, p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively), and the mean tumor size was relatively larger in metastasis group than in no metastasis group (0.7 ± 0.2 vs. 0.6 ± 0.2 cm, p < 0.001). However, no statistically significant differences were observed in the tumors harboring BRAF mutation between the two groups (84.8% vs. 80.6%, p = 0.199). Multivariate analysis indicated that the significant risk factors of LLNM include ETE (odds ratio [OR]: 1.904, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.267-2.861), multifocality (OR: 2.255, 95% CI: 1.544-3.293), and central node metastasis (OR: 7.768, 95% CI: 4.869-12.395), but not BRAF mutation (OR: 0.542, 95% CI: 0.337-0.874). Conclusion: Approximately 4.4% of patients with PTMC presented with LLNM at the time of diagnosis. Moreover, the significant risk factors of LLNM include central node metastasis, ETE, and multifocal disease but not BRAF mutation.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Sang Wook(강상욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5355-833X
Kim, Jin Kyong(김진경)
Nam, Kee Hyun(남기현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6852-1190
Lee, Jan Dee(이잔디) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4090-0049
Lee, Cho Rok(이초록) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7848-3709
Chung, Woong Youn(정웅윤)
Jeong, Jong Ju(정종주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4155-6035
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