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Improvement in the Microbial Resistance of Resin-Based Dental Sealant by Sulfobetaine Methacrylate Incorporation

Authors
 Myung-Jin Lee  ;  Utkarsh Mangal  ;  Se-Jin Kim  ;  Yeo-Phil Yoon  ;  Eun-So Ahn  ;  Ee-Seul Jang  ;  Jae-Sung Kwon  ;  Sung-Hwan Choi 
Citation
 POLYMERS, Vol.12(8) : E1716, 2020-07 
Journal Title
 POLYMERS 
Issue Date
2020-07
Keywords
bacterial adhesion ; oral bacteria ; protein adsorption ; resin-based sealant ; zwitterion
Abstract
Prevention of dental caries is a key research area, and improvement of the pit and fissure sealants used for caries prevention has been of particular interest. This report describes results of incorporating a zwitterion, sulfobetaine methacrylate (SB), into photo-polymerized resin-based sealants to enhance resistance to cariogenic bacteria and protein adhesion. Varying amounts (1.5-5 wt%) of SB were incorporated into a resin-based sealant, and the flexural strength, wettability, depth of cure, protein adhesion, bacterial viability, and cell cytotoxicity of the resultant sealants were evaluated. The flexural strength decreased with the increasing SB content, but this decrease was statistically significant only for sealants containing ≥3 wt% SB. Incorporating a zwitterion led to a significant reduction in the water contact angle and protein adhesion. The colony-forming unit count showed a significant reduction in the bacterial viability of S. mutans, which was confirmed with microscopic imaging. Moreover, cell cytotoxicity analysis of SB-modified sealants using an L929 fibroblast showed a cytotoxicity comparable to that of an unmodified control, suggesting no adverse effects on the cellular metabolism upon SB introduction. Hence, we conclude that the addition of 1.5-3 wt% SB can significantly enhance the inherent ability of sealants to resist S. mutans adhesion and prevent dental caries.
Files in This Item:
T202002927.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/polym12081716
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Dental Biomaterials and Bioengineering (치과생체재료공학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Jae-Sung(권재성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9803-7730
Choi, Sung Hwan(최성환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1150-0268
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/179539
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