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The effect of knee joint rotation in the sagittal and axial plane on the measurement accuracy of coronal alignment of the lower limb

Authors
 Hyun-Soo Moon  ;  Chong-Hyuk Choi  ;  Min Jung  ;  Dae-Young Lee  ;  Jung-Hwan Kim  ;  Sung-Hwan Kim 
Citation
 BMC MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS, Vol.21(1) : 470, 2020-07 
Journal Title
BMC MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS
Issue Date
2020-07
Keywords
Coronal alignment of the lower limb ; EOS image ; Knee joint rotation ; Measurement accuracy
Abstract
Background: Although the measurement of coronal alignment of the lower limb on conventional full-length weight-bearing anteroposterior (FLWAP) radiographs was reported to be influenced by the knee joint rotation, no comparative analysis was performed considering the effects of knee joint rotation on the sagittal and axial planes simultaneously using the three-dimensional images while taking into account the actual weight-bearing conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of knee joint rotation on the measurement accuracy of coronal alignment of the lower limb on the FLWAP radiograph.

Methods: Radiographic images of 90 consecutive patients (180 lower limbs) who took both the FLWAP radiograph and the EOS image were retrospectively reviewed. The relationship among delta values of mechanical tibiofemoral angle (mTFA) between the FLWAP radiographs and the EOS images (ΔmTFA), knee flexion/extension angle (sagittal plane rotation) on the EOS images, and patellar rotation (axial plane rotation) on the FLWAP radiographs were analyzed. Further, subgroup analysis according to each direction of knee joint rotation was performed.

Results: There was a significant correlation between ΔmTFA and sagittal plane rotation (r = 0.368, P < 0.001), whereas axial plane rotation was not correlated. In the analysis according to the direction, statistically significant correlation was observed only in the knee flexion group (r = 0.399, P < 0.001). The regression analysis showed a significant linear relationship between ΔmTFA and sagittal plane rotation (r2 = 0.136, P < 0.001). Additional subgroup analysis in patients with the patellar rotation greater than 3% showed a similar result of a linear relationship between ΔmTFA and sagittal plane rotation (r2 = 0.257, P < 0.001), whereas no statistically significant relationship was found in patients with the patellar rotation less than 3%.

Conclusion: The measurement accuracy of coronal alignment of the lower limb on the FLWAP radiographs would be influenced by knee flexion, specifically when there is any subtle rotation of the knee joint in the axial plane. A strict patellar forward position without axial plane rotation of the knee could provide accurate results of the measurement even if there is a fixed flexion contracture of the knee.
Files in This Item:
T202002510.pdf Download
DOI
10.1186/s12891-020-03487-9
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Sung Hwan(김성환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5743-6241
Moon, Hyun-Soo(문현수)
Jung, Min(정민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7527-4802
Choi, Chong Hyuk(최종혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9080-4904
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/179488
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