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Medial Meniscal Posterior Horn Tears Are Associated With Increased Posterior Tibial Slope: A Case-Control Study

 Hyun-Soo Moon  ;  Chong-Hyuk Choi  ;  Min Jung  ;  Dae-Young Lee  ;  Kwang-Sik Eum  ;  Sung-Hwan Kim 
 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, Vol.48(7) : 1702-1710, 2020-06 
Journal Title
Issue Date
knee ; medial meniscal posterior horn ; meniscal tear ; posterior tibial slope
Background: While the medial meniscal posterior horn (MMPH) is reported to bear a considerable portion of overall load on the knee joint, including compressive and shear forces, no study has yet investigated the relationship between the MMPH and posterior tibial slope (PTS), which is a geometric factor associated with the shear force component in the presence of a compressive load in the knee joint. Hypothesis/purpose: The purpose was to investigate the relationship between the PTS and MMPH tears in patients without ligamentous injury. It was hypothesized that the PTS is greater in patients with MMPH tears as compared with those without. Study design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: From March 2015 to December 2018, 159 patients with isolated MMPH tears and 60 patients without any pathologic findings on magnetic resonance imaging (control group) were included in this study. The PTS in the affected and contralateral knees was compared between the groups, which were statistically matched according to baseline characteristics (ie, age, sex, body mass index, radiographic osteoarthritis grade according to the Kellgren-Lawrence scale, and hip-knee-ankle angle) via the inverse probability of treatment weighting method. Furthermore, the MMPH tear group was subdivided according to meniscal tear patterns; these subgroups were then compared with the control group. Results: The mean PTS was significantly greater in the MMPH tear group than in the control group (affected knee: MMPH tear group, 7.0°± 3.4° [mean ± SD]; control group, 5.2°± 2.1°, P < .001; contralateral knee: MMPH tear group, 6.7°± 3.3°; control group, 4.7°± 2.2°, P < .001). The mean PTS in each subgroup also tended to be greater than that in the control group. In the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the cutoff point of the PTS discriminating between the MMPH tear and control groups was 6.6° for the affected knee (sensitivity, 55.3%; specificity, 75.0%) and 5.5° for the contralateral knee (sensitivity, 61.0%; specificity, 76.7%). Conclusion: An increased PTS is strongly associated with an increased incidence of MMPH tears and less affected by the meniscal tear patterns.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Sung Hwan(김성환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5743-6241
Moon, Hyun-Soo(문현수)
Jung, Min(정민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7527-4802
Choi, Chong Hyuk(최종혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9080-4904
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