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TMBIM6 (transmembrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 6) enhances autophagy through regulation of lysosomal calcium

 Hyun-Kyoung Kim  ;  Geum-Hwa Lee  ;  Kashi Raj Bhattarai  ;  Myung-Shik Lee  ;  Sung Hoon Back  ;  Hyung-Ryong Kim  ;  Han-Jung Chae 
 AUTOPHAGY, Vol.13(1) : 1-18, 2020-03 
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Autophagy ; MTORC1 ; TMBIM6 ; lysosomal calcium ; transcription factor EB (TFEB)
Lysosomal Ca2+ contributes to macroautophagy/autophagy, an intracellular process for the degradation of cytoplasmic material and organelles in the lysosomes to protect cells against stress responses. TMBIM6 (transmembrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 6) is a Ca2+ channel-like protein known to regulate ER stress response and apoptosis. In this study, we examined the as yet unknown role of TMBIM6 in regulating lysosomal Ca2+ levels. The Ca2+ efflux from the ER through TMBIM6 was found to increase the resting lysosomal Ca2+ level, in which ITPR-independent regulation of Ca2+ status was observed. Further, TMBIM6 regulated the local release of Ca2+ through lysosomal MCOLN1/TRPML1 channels under nutrient starvation or MTOR inhibition. The local Ca2+ efflux through MCOLN1 channels was found to activate PPP3/calcineurin, triggering TFEB (transcription factor EB) nuclear translocation, autophagy induction, and lysosome biogenesis. Upon genetic inactivation of TMBIM6, lysosomal Ca2+ and the associated TFEB nuclear translocation were decreased. Furthermore, autophagy flux was significantly enhanced in the liver or kidney from starved Tmbim6+/+ mice compared with that in the counter tmbim6-/- mice. Together, our observations indicated that under stress conditions, TMBIM6 increases lysosomal Ca2+ release, leading to PPP3/calcineurin-mediated TFEB activation and subsequently enhanced autophagy. Thus, TMBIM6, an ER membrane protein, is suggested to be a lysosomal Ca2+ modulator that coordinates with autophagy to alleviate metabolism stress.Abbreviations: AVs: autophagic vacuoles; CEPIA: calcium-measuring organelle-entrapped protein indicator; ER: endoplasmic reticulum; GPN: glycyl-L-phenylalanine-beta-naphthylamide; ITPR/IP3R: inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor; LAMP1: lysosomal associated membrane protein 1; MCOLN/TRPML: mucolipin; MEF: mouse embryonic fibroblast; ML-SA1: mucolipin synthetic agonist 1; MTORC1: mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase complex 1; RPS6KB1: ribosomal protein S6 kinase B1; SQSTM1: sequestosome 1; TFEB: transcription factor EB; TKO: triple knockout; TMBIM6/BI-1: transmembrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 6.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > BioMedical Science Institute (의생명과학부) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Myung Shik(이명식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3292-1720
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