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Clinical Outcomes of Small Incision Lenticule Extraction in Myopia: Study of Vector Parameters and Corneal Aberrations

 Jay Jiyong Kwak  ;  Ikhyun Jun  ;  Eung Kweon Kim  ;  Kyoung Yul Seo  ;  Tae Im Kim 
 Korean Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol.34(1) : 76-84, 2020-02 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Ophthalmology 
Issue Date
Astigmatism ; Corneal wavefront aberration ; Refractive surgical procedures ; Small incision lenticule extraction ; Vector analysis
Purpose: To investigate clinical outcomes of small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) including vector parameters and corneal aberrations in myopic patients. Methods: This retrospective, observational case series included 57 eyes (29 patients) that received treatment for myopia using SMILE. Visual acuity measurement, manifest refraction, slit-lamp examination, autokeratometry, corneal topography, and evaluation of corneal wavefront aberration were performed preoperatively and at 1 and 3 months after surgery. We analyzed the safety, efficacy, vector parameters, and corneal aberrations at 3 months after surgery. Results: Preoperatively, mean manifest refraction spherical equivalent refraction was -4.94 ± 1.94 D (range, -8.25 to 0 diopters [D]), and the cylinder was -1.14 ± 0.82 D (range, -3 to 0 D). Mean manifest refraction spherical equivalent improved to -0.10 ± 0.23 D at 3 months postoperatively, when uncorrected distance visual acuity was 20 / 20 or better in 55 (96%) eyes. The linear regression model of target induced astigmatism vector versus surgically induced astigmatism vector exhibited slopes and coefficients (R²) of 0.9618 and 0.9748, respectively (y = 0.9618x + 0.0006, R² = 0.9748). While total corneal root mean square higher order aberrations, coma and trefoil showed statistically significant increase, spherical aberration did not show statistically significant change after SMILE. Conclusions: SMILE has proven to be effective and safe for correcting myopia and astigmatism. We showed that SMILE did not induce spherical aberrations. A small increase in postoperative corneal higher order aberration may be associated with increase in coma and trefoil.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwak, Jiyong(곽지용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7738-9136
Kim, Eung Kweon(김응권) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1453-8042
Kim, Tae-Im(김태임) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6414-3842
Seo, Kyoung Yul(서경률) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9855-1980
Jun, Ik Hyun(전익현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2160-1679
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