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B형 간염 표면항원과 표면항체 공존예에서의 HBV-DNA 검출을 위한 분자생물학적 방법 비교

Other Titles
 Comparison of Molecular Biologic Methods for Detecting HBV-DNA in the Sera which Showed Both Hepatitis B Surface Antigen and Antibody Positivity 
Authors
 김문정  ;  김현숙  ;  권오헌  ;  한광협 
Citation
 Korean Journal of Clinical Pathology (대한임상병리학회지), Vol.17(6) : 1124-1136, 1997 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Clinical Pathology (대한임상병리학회지) 
ISSN
 1015-6445 
Issue Date
1997
Abstract
Background : Serologic markers are used to screen and diagnose the hepatitis B virus infection. In endemic area of hepatitis B, the coexistence of HBsAg and anti-HBs was frequently observed. This finding is unusual and difficult to interpret. In this study, we performed three molecular biologic assays-polymerase chain reaction (PCR), chemiluminescent molecular hybridization assay (CMHA), branched DNA (bDNA) nucleic acid hybridization assay- to detect HBV-DNA in the sera which showed both HBsAg and anti-HBs positivity. To define the patients` exact clinical conditions, we analysed the characteristics of the patients according to their diagnoses, other serologic markers and clinical findings. Methods : HBsAg and anti-HBs were detected by EIA (Enzygnost, Behringwerke, Germany) from clinical specimens of Yonsei University College of Medicine Severance Hospital collected In the period between January 1996 and December 1996. Eighty three specimens from Severance Hospital and twenty two specimens from Health Care Center were randomly selected and were subjected to HBV PCR, HBV CMHA and HBV bDNA assay for the presence of HBV-DNA. Results : The patients were arbitrarily divided into 4 groups on the basis of the optical density values of enzyme immunoassay results. Group I (high HBsAg and high antral-HBs) consisted of 6 cases; group Ⅱ (high HBsAg and low anti-HBs) consisted of 70 cases, group Ⅲ (low HBsAg and high anti-HBs) consisted of 1 case; group IV (low HBsAg and low antral-HBs) consisted of 6 cases. Among 83 cases, the positive rate was 51.8% (43 cases) using PCR method, 53.0% (44 cases) using CMHA, 60.2% (50 cases) using bDNA assay. HBeAg and anti-HBc IgM were helpful to predict the presence of HBV-DNA in the sera. Conclusions : More than half of the patients who showed both HBsAg and anti-HBs positivity were positive for HBV-DNA by molecular biologic methods. In contrast, no one whose serologic markers with only anti-HBc positivity with out HBsAg and anti-HBs positivity showed HBV-DNA positive in the sera from Health Care Center. Taken together, the management and follow-up of the patients of both HBsAg and anti-HBs positivity could be greatly aided by combined adoption of any one molecular biologic assay of HBY-DNA with other serologic markers such as HBeAg and anti-HBc IgM.
Files in This Item:
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hyon Suk(김현숙) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5662-7740
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/177821
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