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생활주기의 일부로서의 죽음에 관한 예견지도에 대한 예비조사

Other Titles
 Anticipatory Guidance in Death as a Life Cycle 
 이주헌  ;  문유선  ;  이혜리 
 Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine (가정의학회지), Vol.18(5) : 511-520, 1997 
Journal Title
 Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine (가정의학회지) 
Issue Date
Background : Family physicians help the patients to be adapted to a new life cycle with anticipatory guidance. But the later life of empty nest stage seems to be the most stressful since during this time is made preparation of his/her own death. Anticipatory guidance in later life for death is not encouraged because after death, the patient no longer exists. Methods : From August 1, 1995 to August 31,1995, we gathered the data by the means of questionnaire to persons aged over 60 who visited the department of family medicine and geriatric center in Yong-dong Severance Hospital. The questionnaire was consisted of demographic factors, attitude toward death, fear of death, preparation of death in aspect of his/her own and also in his/her family. Results : The total 104 subjects responded to the questionnaire, consisting of 58 males and 46 females. To the question asking the attitude toward death, 71(67.6%)answered death as a spiritually new life, 39(37.1%)as an end of life and 11(10.5%)as just and event in life. 75(72.1%)persons insisted the need of preparation of death, and the content of the preparation were consideration of the family 35(33.3%), preparation of mind 34(32.4%), devotion to religion 33(31.4%), arrangement of fortune 19(18.1%). The answer about the fear of death was 42(40.0%)and the reasons for fear were pain of death26(24.8%), separation from the family 19(18.1%), uncertainty of the nature after death 17(16.2%), suffering of the family 10(9.5%)in rank order. The contents of preparation of death as family were being together with dying person 57(45.7%), evangelizm 32(30.5%), helping arrangement of life 30(28.6%), and the answer about fear of death of family were pain of death 40(37.1%), regret 31(26.5%), lack of preparation of after death 22(21.1%), loneliness after separation 14(13.3%). Conclusion : Family physicians should recognize death as one of the life cycles because the most persons insist of the need of preparation of death. So family physician can help the the patient prone to death by anticipatory guidance with stimulation of performance of developmental tasks.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Hye Ree(이혜리)
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