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HBsAg 양성자에서 B형 간염에 대한 지식과 추적조사 실태

Other Titles
 Knowledge of hepatitis B and follow-up test in HBs Ag positive patients 
 박희원  ;  정규철  ;  박신규  ;  한지혜  ;  이덕철  ;  이혜리 
 Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine (가정의학회지), Vol.18(7) : 706-713, 1997 
Journal Title
 Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine (가정의학회지) 
Issue Date
Background : HBsAg carriers are 6-12% of population in Korea. The patients' knowledge on hepatitis B and regular follow-up tests are important, because HBsAg carriers have infectivity and the disease may progress without symptoms. We surveyed their knowledge on the hepatitis B and the frequency of follow-up blood test and sonogram. Methods : From March 1993 through September 1994, 630 patients who were diagnosed as HBsAg positive and Anti-HBs negative in a health promotion center of college hospital were surveyed by mailing questionnaire. The questionnaire included the result of HBV viral marker test, transmission routes, complications, and prevention methods of Hepatitis B, frequency of follow-up test, and doctor's recommendation. Results : Of the 490 questionnaires excluded the 140 questionaires returned due to wrong address, 100 were answered, making the reply rate 20.4%. As for the result of HBV marker test, 64% answered their HBV marker as HBsAg positive, 10% answered HBsAg negative, and 26% answered 'I don't know'. 65% answered that they are HBV carrier. As for the mode of transmission, 59% answered that HBV is transmitted by blood, 57% form carrier mother at birth, 29% by sexual intercourse. 76% of responders know that vaccination is needed for preventing vertical transmission. When making score on their knowledge, significant differences were showed according to education, income and doctor's recommendation about regular follow-up test. The number of persons who took regular blood test every 6 to 12 months were 56(56%), and the number of persons who took regular abdominal ultrasonogram were 39(39%). The number of patients who were recommended regular follow-up by doctor was 76%. In this group, 51 persons(67.0%) took regular blood test and 35 persons(35%) took regular sonogram so this frequency is significantly higher than the other group(each 20.8%, 16.7%). Conclusion : The knowledge on hepatitis B in HBsAg positive patients is relatively low and the frequency of regular follow-up test is significantly higher in the group who took doctor's recommendation. So it is very important that HBsAg carriers must be educated about the infectivity, preventive methods, and regular follow-up for early detection of complication like hepatocellular cancer.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Hye Ree(이혜리)
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