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Index of myocardial performance using Doppler-derived parameters in the evaluation of left ventricular function in patients with essential hypertension

Authors
 Seok Min Kang  ;  Jong Won Ha  ;  Se Joong Rim  ;  Namsik Chung 
Citation
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.39(5) : 446-452, 1998 
Journal Title
YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL
ISSN
 0513-5796 
Issue Date
1998
MeSH
Adult ; Aged ; Diastole/physiology ; Echocardiography, Doppler* ; Female ; Humans ; Hypertension/diagnostic imaging* ; Hypertension/physiopathology* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Systole/physiology ; Ventricular Function, Left/physiology*
Abstract
We analyzed Doppler echocardiographic data in 120 subjects with normal sinus rhythm; normals (NL, n = 60, ages 54.1 +/- 15.1) and essential hypertensive patients (HT, n = 60, ages 57.3 +/- 10.2). The IMP was calculated as follows: IMP = (ICT + IRT)/ET, ICT; isovolumic contraction time, IRT; isovolumic relaxation time, ET; ejection time. There were no significant differences in ejection fraction (EF), stroke volume index (SVI), cardiac index (CI), ET and ICT between NL and HT. There were, however, significant differences in deceleration time (DT), E/A ratio, IRT and the IMP between the two groups (199.5 +/- 45.6 msec vs 222.3 +/- 54.3 msec, p < 0.01; 1.4 +/- 0.7 vs 0.9 +/- 0.2, p < 0.01; 113.6 +/- 30.2 msec vs 134.2 +/- 29.6 msec, p < 0.01; 0.6 +/- 0.1 vs 0.8 +/- 0.3, p < 0.05). In HT, there were no differences in EF, SVI, CI, E/A ratio and DT between the NYHA I (Gp I, n = 36) and II (Gp II, n = 24) groups. However, ET of Gp II was significantly shorter than that of Gp I (259.4 +/- 43.5 msec vs 297.8 +/- 33.6 msec, p < 0.01). ICT, IRT and the IMP were significantly increased in Gp II, compared to those of Gp I (64.4 +/- 23.9 msec vs 89.4 +/- 46.2 msec, p < 0.05; 120.3 +/- 21.0 msec vs 155.2 +/- 28.5 msec, p < 0.001; 0.6 +/- 0.2 vs 1.0 +/- 0.4, p < 0.001). There were no differences in heart rate and mean blood pressure between Gp I and Gp II (70.9 +/- 11.4/min vs 66.3 +/- 11.4/min, p > 0.05; 138.4 +/- 21.2 mmHg vs 131.3 +/- 19.9 mmHg, p > 0.05). These data suggest that the IMP may be a useful parameter and an early indicator of left ventricular dysfunction in essential hypertensive patients with normal systolic function.
Files in This Item:
T199803515.pdf Download
DOI
10.3349/ymj.1998.39.5.446
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Seok Min(강석민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9856-9227
Rim, Se Joong(임세중) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7631-5581
Chung, Nam Sik(정남식)
Ha, Jong Won(하종원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8260-2958
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/177235
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