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청소년 금연 프로그램의 실시효과에 대한 연구

Other Titles
 The effects of the adolescent smoking cessation program 
 신용경  ;  문선임  ;  박수연  ;  이혜리  ;  강윤주  ;  고복자 
 Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine (가정의학회지), Vol.19(12) : 1387-1399, 1998 
Journal Title
 Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine (가정의학회지) 
Issue Date
Background : Despite widespread recognition of the hazardous health effects of smoking, adolescent smoking continues increase, emerging as a public health problem. However few studies have focused on smoking cessation programs for adolescent smokers. The purpose of this study was to measure the short-term effects of adolescent smoking cessation program performed by the Seoul School Health Center. Methods : Four hundred and twenty adolescent smokers referred from their schools form March to December of 1996 were assessed before and immediately after the program with a self-questionnaire. The data acquired from these 420 students was analyzed. Results : Males were found to have a higher rate of daily smoking as compared with females. Middle school students had an earlier starting age than those of high school students. About 70% of the students had tried to stop smoking and about 1/3 had a high level of self-efficacy in stop smoking. More than 80% of the students were current alcohol drinkers and 10% ever had experience with other drugs. Many showed poor academic performance and low degree of satisfaction with their schools. More than 50% had experienced punishment at school. Middle and high economic status were more common than low status, 73.3% had smokers in their families and 43.3% showed severe dysfunction in family APGAR. Smoking cessation rate immediately after the program was 37.4%, highest in female high school students and lowest in male high school students. Factors shown to be significantly associated with smoking cessation in males were school age, FTQ scores, presence of peer smokers, smoking and alcohol status, self-efficacy in stop smoking and degree of satisfaction with their schools. School age, presence of peer smokers, smoking and other drug use status, self-efficacy in stop smoking, academic performance, degree of satisfaction with their school, experience of runaway from home, economic status and presence of smokers in their families were significant factors in females. Stepwise logistic regression showed that current alcohol users were less likely to succeed in smoking cessation and those with a higher level of self-efficacy in stop smoking were more likely to succeed in males. In females, high school students with higher economic status were more likely to succeed while those with smokers in their families or experience of runaway from home were less likely to succeed. Conclusion : To promote smoking cessation, specified and risk-based approaches are considered to encourage the motivation of adolescent smokers. For more effectiveness, programs will need to comprehensively include the school, the family, peers, alcohol and other drug issues as well as smoking problem itself.
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Hye Ree(이혜리)
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