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A 3-Dimensional Bioprinted Scaffold With Human Umbilical Cord Blood-Mesenchymal Stem Cells Improves Regeneration of Chronic Full-Thickness Rotator Cuff Tear in a Rabbit Model

 Dong Rak Kwon  ;  Seungman Jung  ;  Jinah Jang  ;  Gi-Young Park  ;  Yong Suk Moon  ;  Sang Chul Lee 
 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, Vol.48(4) : 947-958, 2020-03 
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3D cell-printed construct ; mesenchymal stem cells ; rotator cuff ; scaffold ; shoulder ; tissue engineering
Background: Chronic full-thickness rotator cuff tears (FTRCTs) represent a major clinical concern because they show highly compromised healing capacity. Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of using a 3-dimensional (3D) bioprinted scaffold with human umbilical cord blood (hUCB)-mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for regeneration of chronic FTRCTs in a rabbit model. Study design: Controlled laboratory study. Methods: A total of 32 rabbits were randomly assigned to 4 treatment groups (n = 8 per group) at 6 weeks after a 5-mm FTRCT was created on the supraspinatus tendon. Group 1 (G1-SAL) was transplanted with normal saline. Group 2 (G2-MSC) was transplanted with hUCB-MSCs (0.2 mL, 1 × 106) into FTRCTs. Group 3 (G3-3D) was transplanted with a 3D bioprinted construct without MSCs, and group 4 (G4-3D+MSC) was transplanted with a 3D bioprinted construct containing hUCB-MSCs (0.2 mL, 1 × 106 cells) into FTRCTs. All 32 rabbits were euthanized at 4 weeks after treatment. Examination of gross morphologic changes and histologic results was performed on all rabbits after sacrifice. Motion analysis was also performed before and after treatment. Results: In G4-3D+MSC, newly regenerated collagen type 1 fibers, walking distance, fast walking time, and mean walking speed were greater than those in G2-MSC based on histochemical and motion analyses. In addition, when compared with G3-3D, G4-3D+MSC showed more prominent regenerated tendon fibers and better parameters of motion analysis. However, there was no significant difference in gross tear size among G2-MSC, G3-3D, and G4-3D+MSC, although these groups showed significant decreases in tear size as compared with the control group (G1-SAL). Conclusion: Findings of this study show that a tissue engineering strategy based on a 3D bioprinted scaffold filled with hUCB-MSCs can improve the microenvironment for regenerative processes of FTRCT without any surgical repair. Clinical relevance: In the case of rotator cuff tear, the cell loss of the external MSCs can be increased by exposure to synovial fluid. Therefore, a 3D bioprinted scaffold in combination with MSCs without surgical repair may be effective in increasing cell retention in FTRCT.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Sang Chul(이상철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6241-7392
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