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Frequent Outpatient Visits Prevent Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

 Hye Jung Park  ;  Min Kwang Byun  ;  Taehee Kim  ;  Chin Kook Rhee  ;  Kyungjoo Kim  ;  Bo Yeon Kim  ;  Sang In Ahn  ;  Yon U Jo  ;  Kwang-Ha Yoo 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.10(1) : 6049, 2020-04 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory airway disease requiring frequent outpatient visits and lifelong management. We aimed to evaluate the roles of frequent outpatient visits in prognosis of COPD. We used claims data in the national medical insurance review system provided by the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service of Korea from May 1, 2014 to April 30, 2015. A definition of COPD was used based on the diagnosis code and medication. Frequent visitors were defined as subjects who visited the outpatient clinic for COPD three or more times per year. Among 159,025 subjects, 117,483 (73.9%) were classified as frequent visitors. Frequent visitors underwent pulmonary function tests and used various inhalers more often than did infrequent visitors. The rates of COPD exacerbation requiring admission to a general ward, emergency room, or intensive care unit were significantly lower in frequent visitors than in infrequent visitors. In multivariable analysis, frequent visits were identified as an independent factor preventing COPD exacerbation that required admission to a ward (odds ratio [OR], 0.387), emergency room, (OR, 0.558), or intensive care unit (OR, 0.39) (all P < 0.001). In conclusion, we showed frequent outpatient visits reduce the risk of COPD exacerbation by 45-60%.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Hye Jung(박혜정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1862-1003
Byun, Min Kwang(변민광) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1525-1745
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