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Comparison of Renal Effects of Ezetimibe-Statin Combination Versus Statin Monotherapy: A Propensity-Score-Matched Analysis

Authors
 Jaehyun Bae  ;  Namki Hong  ;  Byung-Wan Lee  ;  Eun Seok Kang  ;  Bong-Soo Cha  ;  Yong-Ho Lee 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, Vol.9(3) : 798, 2020-03 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE 
Issue Date
2020-03
Keywords
ezetimibe ; renal outcome ; statin
Abstract
Neither lowering of blood lipid levels nor treatment with statins definitively improves renal outcomes. Ezetimibe, a non-statin antilipidemic agent, is known to not only decrease blood lipid levels but also reduce inflammatory response and activate autophagy. We evaluated the effect of adding ezetimibe to a statin on renal outcome compared with statin monotherapy by analyzing longitudinal data of 4537 patients treated with simvastatin 20 mg plus ezetimibe 10 mg (S + E) or simvastatin 20 mg alone (S) for more than 180 days. A propensity-score-based process was used to match baseline characteristics, medical history, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) between S + E and S groups. Changes in serum creatinine and incidence of renal events, defined as doubling of serum creatinine to ≥1.5 mg/dL or occurrence of end-stage renal disease after the first day of treatment initiation, were compared between the groups. Among 3104 well-matched patients with a median follow-up of 4.2 years, the S + E group showed a significantly lower risk of renal events than the S group (hazard ratio 0.58; 95% CI 0.35-0.95, P = 0.032). In addition, the S + E group tended to preserve renal function compared with the S group throughout follow-up, as assessed by serum creatinine changes (P-values for time-group interactions <0.001). These data support the beneficial effects on renal function when combining ezetimibe with a statin.
Files in This Item:
T202001195.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/jcm9030798
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Eun Seok(강은석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0364-4675
Bae, Jae Hyun(배재현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3462-890X
Lee, Byung Wan(이병완) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9899-4992
Lee, Yong Ho(이용호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6219-4942
Cha, Bong Soo(차봉수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0542-2854
Hong, Nam Ki(홍남기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8246-1956
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/176025
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