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Plasma Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 Concentration Is Associated With Intracranial Cerebral Atherosclerosis in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients

 Yoonkyung Chang  ;  Jinkwon Kim  ;  Ho Geol Woo  ;  Dong Ryeol Ryu  ;  Hyung Jung Oh  ;  Tae Jin Song 
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEUROLOGY, Vol.16(1) : 29-36, 2020-01 
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Issue Date
Klotho ; cerebral atherosclerosis ; fibroblast growth factor 23 ; intracranial atherosclerosis
Background and purpose: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is associated with atherosclerosis via nitric-oxide-associated endothelial dysfunction and calcium-phosphate-related bone mineralization. This study aimed to determine the association of the plasma FGF23 concentration with intracranial cerebral atherosclerosis (ICAS) and extracranial cerebral atherosclerosis (ECAS). Methods: We prospectively enrolled 262 first-ever ischemic stroke patients in whom brain magnetic resonance was performed and a blood sample acquired within 24 h after admission. Plasma FGF23 concentrations were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The presence of ICAS or ECAS was defined as a ≥50% decrease in arterial diameter in magnetic resonance angiography. The burden of cerebral atherosclerosis was calculated by adding the total number of vessels defined as ICAS or ECAS. Results: Our study population included 152 (58.0%) males. The mean age was 64.7 years, and the plasma FGF23 concentration was 347.5±549.6 pg/mL (mean±SD). ICAS only, ECAS only, and both ICAS and ECAS were present in 31.2% (n=82), 4.9% (n=13), and 6.8% (n=18) of the subjects, respectively. In multivariate binary and ordinal logistic analyses, after adjusting for sex, age, and variables for which p<0.1 in the univariate analysis, the plasma FGF23 concentration (per 100 pg/mL) was positively correlated with the presence of ICAS [odds ratio (OR)=1.07, 95% CI=1.00-1.15, p=0.039], burden of ICAS (OR=1.09, 95% CI=1.04-1.15, p=0.001), and burden of ECAS (OR=1.06, 95% CI=1.00-1.12, p=0.038), but it was not significantly related to the presence of ECAS (OR=1.05, 95% CI=0.99-1.12, p=0.073). Conclusions: The plasma FGF23 may be a potential biomarker for cerebral atherosclerosis, particularly the presence and burden of ICAS in stroke patients.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jinkwon(김진권) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0156-9736
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