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Effects of fast- and slow-setting calcium silicate-based root-end filling materials on the outcome of endodontic microsurgery: a retrospective study up to 6 years

 Dohyun Kim  ;  Hyunjung Lee  ;  Minsun Chung  ;  Sunil Kim  ;  Minju Song  ;  Euiseong Kim 
 CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS, Vol.24(1) : 247-255, 2020 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Calcium ; Calcium Compounds*/pharmacology ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Microsurgery* ; Retrospective Studies ; Root Canal Filling Materials* ; Root Canal Therapy ; Silicates*/pharmacology ; Treatment Outcome
Calcium silicate–based material ; Endodontic microsurgery ; Initial setting time ; Root-end filling ; Treatment outcome
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate and compare the effects of fast- and slow-setting calcium silicate-based materials (CSMs) used for root-end filling on the outcome of endodontic microsurgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched a clinical database for patients who had received endodontic microsurgery between 2001 and 2016. Included cases were divided into two groups according to the type of CSM used for root-end filling: slow-setting CSM (SCSM) and fast-setting CSM (FCSM). The cases in two groups were subjected to 1:1 nearest neighbor propensity score matching for the following variables: age, sex, tooth type, quality of canal filling, lesion type, and postoperative restoration. For each matched case, the outcome was determined as success or failure according to clinical and radiographic evaluations performed at least 1 year after surgery. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify prognostic factors and estimate their effects. RESULTS: In total, 304 cases of endodontic microsurgery (179 SCSM and 125 FCSM) were identified, and 1:1 propensity score matching finally included 122 cases from each group. After matching, all covariates were associated with an absolute standardized difference of < 0.1. The overall success rates were 85.2% and 93.4% for the SCSM and FCSM groups, respectively (p = 0.062). Age, tooth type, lesion type, and CSM type were significantly associated with the outcome of endodontic microsurgery (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations, the outcome of endodontic microsurgery using FCSMs was comparable with that of SCSMs. The findings suggest that the type of CSM used for root-end filling, particularly in terms of the initial setting time, could affect the outcome of endodontic microsurgery. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: FCSMs could be considered for use as root-end filling materials in endodontic microsurgery, particularly in complicated clinical situations which require rapid initial setting of the materials.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Conservative Dentistry (보존과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Dohyun(김도현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0772-6985
Kim, Sun Il(김선일) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8889-9844
Kim, Eui Seong(김의성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2126-4761
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