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Correlation of PD-L1 Expression Tested by 22C3 and SP263 in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer and Its Prognostic Effect on EGFR Mutation-Positive Lung Adenocarcinoma

Authors
 Taehee Kim  ;  Yoon Jin Cha  ;  Yoon Soo Chang 
Citation
 TUBERCULOSIS AND RESPIRATORY DISEASES, Vol.83(1) : 51-60, 2020 
Journal Title
 TUBERCULOSIS AND RESPIRATORY DISEASES 
ISSN
 1738-3536 
Issue Date
2020
Keywords
Companion Diagnotics ; EGFR ; Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer ; PD-L1
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression is tested by immunohistochemistry (IHC)-22C3, SP263, and SP142. The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation among the three methods of PD-L1 IHC in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and clinical significance of PD-L1 expression in lung adenocarcinoma with an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase domain mutation. METHODS: The results of 230 patients who were pathologically confirmed as having NSCLC; tested using PD-L1 IHC 22C3, SP263, and SP142 methods; and evaluated via the peptide nucleic acid clamping method to confirm EGFR mutation, were analyzed in this study. RESULTS: 164 patients underwent both the SP263 and 22C3 tests. There was a significant positive correlation between the outcomes of the two tests (Spearman correlation coefficient=0.912, p<0.001), with a derived regression equation as follows: 22C3=15.2+0.884×SP263 (R²=0.792, p<0.001). There was no relationship between the expression of PD-L1 and clinical parameters, including EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) mutation. The PD-L1 expression in patients treated with EGFR-TKI yielded a 2-month-shorter progression period than that in the PD-L1-negative group. However, this did not reach statistical significance (PD-L1<1% vs. PD-L1≥1%, 10 months vs. 8 months). CONCLUSION: The results of the 22C3 and those of SP263 methods were in good correlation with one another. Since the PD-L1 expression is not influenced by the EGFR mutation, it is necessary to perform a PD-L1 test to set the treatment direction in the patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC.
Files in This Item:
T202000239.pdf Download
DOI
10.4046/trd.2019.0026
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Chang, Yoon Soo(장윤수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3340-4223
Cha, Yoon Jin(차윤진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5967-4064
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/175262
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