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Multivariable index for assessing the activity and predicting all-cause mortality in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis

Authors
 Minyoung Kevin Kim  ;  Hyeok Choi  ;  Jae Yeon Kim  ;  Jason Jungsik Song  ;  Yong‐Beom Park  ;  Sang‐Won Lee 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL LABORATORY ANALYSIS, Vol.34(1) : e23022, 2020 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL LABORATORY ANALYSIS 
ISSN
 0887-8013 
Issue Date
2020
Keywords
ANCA-associated vasculitis ; activity ; multivariable index ; prognosis
Abstract
BACKGROUND: So far, there has been no tool to estimate activity at diagnosis and predict all-cause mortality in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV). Hence, we determined the initial predictors of them in patients with AAV. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 182 patients with AAV. Severe AAV was defined as Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS) ≥ 16. The cutoffs were extrapolated by the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve. The odds ratio (OR) and the relative risk (RR) were assessed using the multivariable logistic regression analysis and the chi-square test, respectively. RESULTS: In the comparison analysis, patients with severe AAV exhibited the higher neutrophil and platelet counts, creatinine, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein, and the lower lymphocyte count, hemoglobin, and serum albumin than those without. In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, creatinine ≥ 0.9 mg/dL (OR 2.264), lymphocyte count ≤ 1430.0/mm3 (OR 1.856), and hemoglobin ≤ 10.8 g/dL (OR 2.085) were associated with severe AAV. We developed a new equation of a multivariable index for AAV (MVIA) = 0.6 × (Lymphocyte count ≤ 1430.0/mm3 ) + 0.7 × (Hemoglobin ≤ 10.8 g/dL) + 0.8 × (Creatinine ≥ 0.9 mg/dL). The optimal cutoff of MVIA for severe AAV was set as 1.35. Severe AAV was identified more frequently in patients with MVIA at diagnosis ≥1.35 than those without (RR 4.432). Patients with MVIA at diagnosis ≥1.35 exhibited the lower cumulative patient survival rate than those without. CONCLUSION: Multivariable index for AAV could assess the cross-sectional activity and predict all-cause mortality in patients with AAV.
Files in This Item:
T202000220.pdf Download
DOI
10.1002/jcla.23022
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Yong Beom(박용범)
Song, Jason Jungsik(송정식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0662-7704
Lee, Sang Won(이상원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8038-3341
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/175255
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