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Preoperative radiographic clues for transdural disc herniation: could it be predictable?

Authors
 Moo Sung Kang  ;  Jeong Yoon Park  ;  Sung Uk Kuh  ;  Dong Kyu Chin  ;  Keun Su Kim  ;  Byung Ho Jin  ;  Yong Eun Cho  ;  Kyung Hyun Kim 
Citation
 ACTA NEUROCHIRURGICA, Vol.161(12) : 2409-2414, 2019 
Journal Title
 ACTA NEUROCHIRURGICA 
ISSN
 0001-6268 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
Disc herniation ; Magnetic resonance imaging ; Preoperative ; Transdural
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Transdural disc herniation (TDH) is a rare event accounting for 0.3-1.5% of all disc herniation cases. Considering the risk of leakage of the cerebrospinal fluid from the dural defect after removal of TDH or incomplete removal, it is very important to recognize TDH before surgery. This study is a retrospective case analysis to analyze the imaging findings of seven cases and to construct a preoperative prediction model for TDH. METHODS: Retrospective radiographic examination was performed among patients operated for TDH in two institutions from 2008 to 2018. The radiographic images were analyzed according to the following eight signs: including absence of dural tent, complete block of spinal canal, hawk-beak sign, double-layered lesion, increased distance between the dura and cauda equina, rim enhancement, dural tent enhancement, and epidural gas. To clarify the predictive ability of these radiographic signs, consecutive 131 surgically confirmed epidural disc herniation (EDH) patients for the last 2 years were set as a control group for TDH. The sum of radiographic findings was compared between TDH and EDH patients to determine the cutoff value. RESULTS: There were 1 thoracic and 6 lumbar TDHs among 75 thoracic and 6674 lumbar disc herniation cases with an incidence of 1.33% and 0.09%, respectively. Dural tent (p = 0.000, odds ratio = 106.67), double-layered lesion (p = 0.000, odds ratio = 22.69), and distance between the dura and cauda equina (p = 0.007, odds ratio = 52.00) were statistically significantly different between TDH and EDH. According to the receiver operating characteristic curve, the cutoff value of 1.5 had 85.7% sensitivity and 90.8% specificity. CONCLUSION: Preoperative imaging can be useful for TDH diagnosis. It is safe to consider the possibility of TDH in patients with more than two findings in the preoperative images.
Full Text
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00701-019-04061-6
DOI
10.1007/s00701-019-04061-6
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurosurgery (신경외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Moo Sung(강무성)
Kuh, Sung Uk(구성욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2566-3209
Kim, Kyung Hyun(김경현)
Kim, Keun Su(김근수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3384-5638
Park, Jeong Yoon(박정윤) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3728-7784
Cho, Yong Eun(조용은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9815-2720
Chin, Dong Kyu(진동규) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9835-9294
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/175170
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