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Association between localised retinal nerve fibre layer defects and cardiovascular risk factors

 Joo Youn Shin  ;  Jonghyun Lee  ;  Chan Joo Lee  ;  Sungha Park  ;  Suk Ho Byeon 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.9(1) : 19340, 2019 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Localised retinal nerve fibre layer defects (RNFLDs) are reported to indicate the degree of glaucomatous damage but can also be sequelae of retinal vascular insufficiency as a result of systemic vascular factors. We investigated the association between RNFLDs and cardiovascular risk factors. RNFLDs were detected in 440 (29.2%) of 1508 subjects. The presence of RNFLDs was associated with higher HbA1c (odds ratio [OR] 1.289, p < 0.001), higher 24-h mean systolic blood pressure (SBP; OR 1.013, p < 0.005), and lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR; OR 0.995, p < 0.005). An increasing number of RNFLDs was correlated with higher SBP (r = 0.186, p < 0.001), higher HbA1c (r = 0.128, p < 0.010), lower eGFR (r = -0.112, p < 0.020), and younger age (r = -0.303, p < 0.001). Subjects with RNFLDs had a higher predicted 10-year risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease than did those without RNFLDs (9.7% vs 7.9%, p = 0.008 in middle-aged subjects, 25.6% vs 23.2%, p = 0.040 in older subjects). In conclusion, RNFLDs are associated with SBP, eGFR, and HbA1c. Concomitant cardiovascular risk factors should be considered when evaluating patients with localised RNFLDs.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Sung Ha(박성하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5362-478X
Byeon, Suk Ho(변석호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8101-0830
Shin, Joo Youn(신주연)
Lee, Chan Joo(이찬주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8756-409X
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