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Surgical outcome and prognostic factors influencing visual acuity in myopic foveoschisis patients

 Dong Hyun Lee  ;  Inhee Moon  ;  Hyun Goo Kang  ;  Eun Young Choi  ;  Sung Soo Kim  ;  Suk Ho Byeon  ;  Hyoung Jun Koh  ;  Sung Chul Lee  ;  Min Kim 
 EYE, Vol.33(10) : 1642-1648, 2019 
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BACKGROUND: To analyze the optical coherence tomography (OCT) characteristics and visual outcome of vitrectomy in myopic foveoschisis (MF) patients and identify prognostic factors. METHODS: This study is a retrospective clinical cohort study in tertiary care hospital. Thirty-two eyes of 32 patients who underwent MF-related vitrectomy in were investigated retrospectively. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) measured at 1 year post surgery and changes in central foveal thickness (CFT) and co-existing macular pathologies, such as foveal detachment (FD), lamellar holes, and macular holes were the main outcome measures. Prognostic factors were identified using multivariate linear regression analysis. RESULTS: Average BCVA (in logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution) and mean CFT had improved from 0.46 ± 0.06 to 0.37 ± 0.07 (P = 0.089) and from 485.72 ± 164.69 to 341.71 ± 109.70 (P < 0.001), respectively. Univariate analysis identified baseline BCVA, epiretinal membrane, no coexisting OCT features other than MF, FD on OCT, and gas injection as significantly associated with visual outcome (P < 0.001, 0.014, 0.022, < 0.001, and 0.030). Better baseline BCVA and absence of FD on OCT remained significant (P < 0.001 and < 0.001, respectively) after multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Good preoperative visual acuity and absence of FD pre-surgery are important predictors of good visual prognosis. Thus, timely surgical intervention, before development of macular complications, may improve visual outcome after surgical treatment of patients with MF.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Hyun Goo(강현구) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8359-9618
Koh, Hyoung Jun(고형준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5932-8516
Kim, Min(김민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1873-6959
Kim, Sung Soo(김성수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0574-7993
Moon, In Hee(문인희)
Byeon, Suk Ho(변석호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8101-0830
Lee, Dong Hyun(이동현)
Lee, Sung Chul(이성철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9438-2385
Choi, Eun Young(최은영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1668-6452
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