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Perceived Discrimination, Depression, and the Role of Perceived Social Support as an Effect Modifier in Korean Young Adults

Authors
 Kwanghyun Kim  ;  Sun Jae Jung  ;  So Mi Jemma Cho  ;  Ji Hye Park  ;  Hyeon Chang Kim 
Citation
 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Vol.52(6) : 366-376, 2019 
Journal Title
 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 
ISSN
 1975-8375 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
Depression ; Discrimination ; Korea ; Social support
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: The relationships among discrimination, social support, and mental health have mostly been studied in minorities, and relevant studies in the general population are lacking. We aimed to investigate associations between discrimination and depressive symptoms in Korean non-minority young adults, considering the role of social support. METHODS: In total, 372 participants who completed the psychological examinations conducted in the third wave of the Jangseong High School Cohort study were included. We used the Everyday Discrimination Scale to evaluate perceived discrimination and the Beck Depression Inventory-II to measure depressive symptoms. Social support was measured by the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Multivariate linear regression was conducted to investigate associations between discrimination and depression, along with the effect modification of social support. We stratified the population by gender to investigate gender differences. RESULTS: Perceived discrimination was significantly associated with depressive symptoms (β=0.736, p<0.001), and social support was negatively associated with depression (β=-0.245, p<0.001). In men, support from friends was the most influential factor (β=-0.631, p=0.011), but no significant effect modification was found. In women, support from family was the most influential factor (β=-0.440, p=0.010), and women with higher familial support showed a significantly diminished association between discrimination and depression, unlike those with lower family support. CONCLUSIONS: Discrimination perceived by individuals can lead to depressive symptoms in Korean young adults, and this relationship can may differ by gender and social support status.
Files in This Item:
T201905491.pdf Download
DOI
10.3961/jpmph.19.114
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hyeon Chang(김현창) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7867-1240
Jung, Sun Jae(정선재) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5194-7339
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/174760
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