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Relationship between smoking and spontaneously healed pulmonary TB on chest radiography in a South Korean population

Authors
 Kim, H. Y.  ;  Lee, S. H.  ;  Chung, K. S.  ;  Kim, S. Y.  ;  Kim, E. Y.  ;  Jung, J. Y.  ;  Park, M. S.  ;  Kim, Y. S.  ;  Chang, J.  ;  Kang, Y. A. 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE, Vol.23(11) : 1142-1148, 2019 
Journal Title
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE 
ISSN
 1027-3719 
Issue Date
2019
Abstract
SETTING: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey is a national, population-based, cross-sectional surveillance programme.OBJECTIVE: 1) To investigate the prevalence of spontaneously healed pulmonary tuberculosis (SHPTB) on chest radiographs (CXRs) in South Korea, as well as its demographic and clinical associations, and 2) to determine the relationship between SHPTB and smoking.DESIGN: People with normal findings on CXRs (n = 24 190) and those with SHPTB (n = 1863) were compared in univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyses with respect to smoking and demographic and clinical factors.RESULTS: The prevalence of SHPTB was 7.2%. The proportion of patients with SHPTB tended to be higher in males, people of older age, ever smokers, as well as people with low body mass index and low education level. In bivariate analysis, after adjustments for age and sex, SHPTB was found more often among ex-smokers (P = 0.005) and current smokers (P = 0.024) than in non-smokers. Multivariate analyses revealed increased relative odds for SHPTB with increased age (P < 0.001), male sex (P < 0.001) and ex-smoker status (P = 0.016). Passive smoking was also significantly associated with SHPTB (P = 0.022).CONCLUSION: In addition to increasing the risk of active TB and negatively affecting the outcome of TB treatment, smoking is also associated with SHPTB, as detected on CXRs.
Full Text
https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/iuatld/ijtld/2019/00000023/00000011/art00004%3bjsessionid=diqdprbbsfe8j.x-ic-live-02
DOI
10.5588/ijtld.18.0382
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Young Ae(강영애) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7783-5271
Kim, Song Yee(김송이) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8627-486X
Kim, Young Sam(김영삼) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9656-8482
Kim, Eun Young(김은영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3281-5744
Park, Moo Suk(박무석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0820-7615
Lee, Sang Hoon(이상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7706-5318
Chang, Joon(장준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4542-6841
Jung, Kyung Soo(정경수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1604-8730
Jung, Ji Ye(정지예) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1589-4142
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/174749
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