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The Inhibitory Effect of Chlorophyllin is Influenced by Different Promotion Stages in DMBA-TPA-induced Mouse Skin Carcinogenesis

 Kim, Jin  ;  Yook, Jong-In  ;  Park, Kwang-Kyun  ;  Lee, Eun-Ha  ;  Jung, So-Young  ;  Joon, Yin-Liu  ;  Kyung, Chul-Hong  ;  Kim, Ju  ;  Chung, Won-Yoon 
 Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens (한국 환경성돌연변이·발암원학회지), Vol.19(1) : 46-55, 1999 
Journal Title
 Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens (한국 환경성돌연변이·발암원학회지) 
Issue Date
DMBA-TPA-induced carcinogenesis ; chlorophyllin ; chemoprevention ; promotion stage ; ornithyl decarboxylase
To develop a chemopreventive strategy based on the different stages of premalignant lesions, we hypothesized that the inhibitory effect of chemopreventive agents is influenced by different promotion stages during carcinogenesis. DMBA-TPA-induced skin carcinogenesis was used with ICR mice and chlorophyllin (CHL) was applied as a chemopreventive agent. In vitro assay was performed with Salmonella typhi. TA100 to observe any anti-mutagenic activity of CHL against DMBA. Pre-initiation and pre-promotion effects of CHL were observed by CHL treatment before initiation and before promotion. To evaluate the inhibitory effect at different promotion stages, each group was divided into three subgroups after TPA promotion for 6, 18 and 24 weeks, respectively ; the first subgroup was immediately sacrificed after termination of TPA, the second subgroup was treated with CHL, and the third subgroup was sacrificed 8 weeks after termination of TPA without CHL treatment. The degrees of epithelial dysplasia, papilloma formation, and invasive carcinoma were observed histologically, and GST-Pi expression was observed immunohistochemically. ODC mRNA level was analyzed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Results showed : CHL dose-dependently inhibited the mutation of Salmonella typhi. TA100; the incidence of epithelial dysplasia and papilloma formation was lower in pre-initiation and pre-promotion CHL-treated mice than DMBA-TPA-treated mice; no invasive carcinoma developed in pre-initiation CHL-treated groups, while 67% of DMBA-TPA treated mice had carcinomas; GST-Pi expression decreased when CHL was treated before initiation and before promotion; and when CHL was treated after termination of TPA application at 18 and 24- week-TPA promotion stages, respectively, the incidence of epithelial dysplasia and papilloma was markedly reduced compared to non-treated groups. When comparing the incidence of epithelial dysplasia and papilloma between the immediately-sacrificed subgroup and the non-treated group with a waiting period, we speculated that the 18-week-TPA promotion stage might belong to the promoter-independent progression stage. At the 18-week-TPA promotion stage, the level of ODC mRNA in the CHL-treated group was clearly reduced to the level of normal tissue. Taking these results together, CHL showed both anti-initiation and anti-promotion effects, while the inhibitory effect of CHL was prominent in the 18-week-TPA promotion stage. However, CHL seems to be incapable of completely blocking the progression in the 24-week-TPA promotion stage.
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Pathology (구강병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jin(김진)
Park, Kwang Kyun(박광균)
Yook, Jong In(육종인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7318-6112
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