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Prediction of oculocardiac reflex in strabismus surgery using neural networks

 Won Oak Kim  ;  Hae Keum Kil  ;  Jong Seok Lee  ;  Jae Ho Lee 
 Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.40(3) : 244-247, 1999 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adolescent ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Forecasting ; Humans ; Infant ; Intraoperative Period ; Neural Networks, Computer* ; Reflex, Oculocardiac/physiology* ; Strabismus/physiopathology* ; Strabismus/surgery*
Successfully predicting an oculocardiac reflex (OCR) is difficult to achieve despite various proposed maneuvers. The aim of this study was to test the models built up by neural networks to predict the occurrence of OCR during strabismus surgery in children. Premedication was not given. Atropine 0.01 mg/kg was medicated just before induction. Induction was performed with fentanyl or ketorolac, followed by propofol. Atracurium or vecuronium was given for intubation. Anesthesia was maintained with O2-N2O with continuous propofol infusion. Chi-square test was performed for induction agents, gender, weight, muscle blockade, repaired muscle, number of repaired muscles, duration of operation to detect any association between the occurrence of OCR and to develop the model of neural networks. The multi-layer perceptron, radial basis function and Bayesian backpropagation network were tested. The occurrence of OCR was significantly associated with gender and repaired muscle (p < 0.05). Gender, repaired muscle and age were considered as input for the multi-layer perceptron, radial basis function and Bayesian backpropagation network. Three neural networks had predicted the same correction rate in the occurrence of OCR as being 87.5% overall among 16 patients' records tested. These models are conceptually different in predicting compared to conventional maneuvers, and have the advantage of testing individually and foretelling the propensity. By comparison neural networks use grouped experiential data and predict OCR by the learning rule. Neural networks require a relatively abundant number of experienced and homogenous patients' records to establish an accurate model. The multi-layer perceptron, radial basis function and Bayesian backpropagation modeling network may be an alternative way, and preferable to vagal tone maneuvers if the associated relationships to the occurrence of OCR are more clearly defined.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kil, Hae Keum(길혜금)
Kim, Won Oak(김원옥)
Lee, Jong Seok(이종석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7945-2530
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