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The Effect of Botulinum Toxin Injections on Gross Motor Function for Lower Limb Spasticity in Children with Cerebral Palsy

Authors
 Ja Young Choi  ;  Seung Ki Kim  ;  Eun Sook Park 
Citation
 TOXINS, Vol.11(11) : e651, 2019 
Journal Title
 TOXINS 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
botulinum toxin ; cerebral palsy ; motor function ; spasticity
Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate the use of botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injections and their efficacy on gross motor function for lower limb spasticity in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). This retrospective study included 919 injection occasions from 591 children with CP who received a lower limb BoNT-A injection between 2006 and 2016. The Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM-88), the Modified Ashworth Scale, and the Modified Tardieu Scale were administered before and after injections. Injections were predominantly administered to children under the age of 6 years. The most common muscle injection site was the calf muscle for dynamic foot deformity. The second most commonly injected muscle was the hip adductor among 2-3 year olds and the hamstring muscle among 4-6 year olds. Distal injections were predominantly administered to high-functioning children, whereas proximal injections were typically administered to low-functioning children. Multilevel injections were mostly administered to midfunctioning children. GMFM-88 scores significantly increased post-injection for both high- and low-functioning groups. Younger age at injection and distal injection type were associated with larger improvements on the GMFM-88 at both short- and midterm follow-up. The target muscles for injection varied depending on gross motor functioning and age. Younger age at injection and distal injection type were significantly related with greater gain in gross motor function.
Files in This Item:
T201904784.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390toxins11110651
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Seung Ki(김승기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8823-6258
Park, Eun Sook(박은숙) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9144-3063
Choi, Ja Young(최자영)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/173516
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