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Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is an early predictor of metabolic diseases in a metabolically healthy population

Authors
 Seokhun Yang  ;  Soongu Kwak  ;  Jeong-Hoon Lee  ;  Shinae Kang  ;  Seung-Pyo Lee 
Citation
 PLOS ONE, Vol.14(11) : e0224626, 2019 
Journal Title
 PLOS ONE 
Issue Date
2019
Abstract
AIMS: The relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and incident metabolic syndrome in metabolically healthy subjects is unknown. We aimed to investigate whether nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is a predictor of future metabolic syndrome in metabolically healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects who underwent health evaluation at least twice between 2009 and 2015 from the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort in South Korea were included. Patients without obesity who had no metabolic syndrome components were finally analyzed (n = 28,880). The definition of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease was based on both the hepatic steatosis and fatty liver indices. The incidence of metabolic syndrome, prediabetes/type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia was compared between the subjects with and without nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. RESULTS: The presence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease was associated with a higher risk of incident metabolic syndrome, prediabetes/type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia in the entire cohort (metabolic syndrome: adjusted hazard ratio, 2.10; 95% confidence interval, 1.18-3.71; prediabetes/type 2 diabetes: adjusted hazard ratio, 1.42; 95% confidence interval, 1.06-1.90; hypertension: adjusted hazard ratio, 2.36; 95% confidence interval, 1.35-4.12; dyslipidemia: adjusted hazard ratio, 1.49; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-2.06). A similar finding was observed in the age-, sex-, smoking status-, and body mass index-based 1:5 propensity score-matched cohort of 1,092 subjects (metabolic syndrome: adjusted hazard ratio, 3.56; 95% confidence interval, 1.79-7.07; prediabetes/type 2 diabetes: adjusted hazard ratio, 1.97; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-3.73; hypertension: adjusted hazard ratio, 2.57; 95% confidence interval, 1.35-4.88; dyslipidemia: adjusted hazard ratio, 1.61; 95% confidence interval, 1.12-2.32). CONCLUSIONS: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is an early predictor of metabolic dysfunction even in metabolically healthy populations.
Files in This Item:
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DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0224626
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Shin Ae(강신애) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9719-4774
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/173511
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