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Longitudinal assessment of alpha-fetoprotein for early detection of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with cirrhosis

Authors
 Mi Na Kim  ;  Beom Kyung Kim  ;  Seung Up Kim  ;  Jun Yong Park  ;  Sang Hoon Ahn  ;  Kwang-Hyub Han  ;  Do Young Kim 
Citation
 SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY, Vol.54(10) : 1283-1290, 2019 
Journal Title
 SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY 
ISSN
 0036-5521 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
HCC ; alpha-fetoprotein ; cirrhosis ; surveillance ; ultrasound
Abstract
Background/aims: Cirrhosis is an important risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and the surveillance of patients with cirrhosis is, therefore, highly recommended. However, the role of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in HCC surveillance is controversial. The aim of this study was to determine the role of AFP in HCC surveillance among patients with cirrhosis.Methods: The study population consisted of 392 patients with cirrhosis. Ultrasound (US) and laboratory tests including AFP were regularly performed to detect HCC development. The cutoff level of AFP for suspicion of HCC was 7 ng/mL.Results: During the median follow-up period of 4.7 (interquartile range, 3.4-5.6) years, HCC developed in 64 (16.3%) patients. Their mean age was 53.6 years, and they were predominantly male (63.5%). For the detection of HCCs, the sensitivity and specificity of US were 56.3% and 100%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of AFP were 62.5% and 94.5%, respectively. Using US and AFP in combination increased the sensitivity of surveillance to 89.1% with a specificity of 94.5%. Mean AFP levels were significantly higher in patients with than without HCC at the time of HCC diagnosis, at 6 months and 12 months before the diagnosis. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of AFP was highest at the time of HCC diagnosis (0.867), and also was acceptable at 6 months (0.823) and 12 months (0.792) before the diagnosis.Conclusions: These results suggest the complementary use of AFP and US to improve the effectiveness of HCC surveillance in patients with cirrhosis.
Full Text
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00365521.2019.1673478
DOI
10.1080/00365521.2019.1673478
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Do Young(김도영)
Kim, Beom Kyung(김범경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5363-2496
Kim, Seung Up(김승업) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9658-8050
Park, Jun Yong(박준용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6324-2224
Ahn, Sang Hoon(안상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3629-4624
Han, Kwang-Hyub(한광협) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3960-6539
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/173505
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