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Detection of Helicobacter pylori with clarithromycin resistance-associated mutations using peptide nucleic acid probe-based melting point analysis

 Ji Hae Nahm  ;  Won Kyu Kim  ;  Yujin Kwon  ;  Hyunki Kim 
 HELICOBACTER, Vol.24(5) : e12634, 2019 
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Helicobacter pylori diagnosis ; clarithromycin resistance ; gastric biopsy ; immunohistochemistry ; peptide nucleic acid probe ; real-time polymerase chain reaction
BACKGROUND: Detection of Helicobacter pylori in gastric biopsy is important for appropriate treatment and prevention of gastric carcinoma and lymphoma. A novel peptide nucleic acid probe (PNA)-based real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was developed for detection of H pylori and A2142G/A2143G mutation of the 23S rRNA gene, which is associated with clarithromycin resistance. METHODS: To evaluate the performance of the PNA probe-based PCR method, a total of 409 gastric biopsy samples were analyzed by PNA probe-based PCR and compared with other H pylori detection methods, including hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and Warthin-Starry (WS) staining, immunohistochemistry (IHC). A2142G/A2143G mutation of the 23S rRNA gene was tested by dual priming oligonucleotide (DPO)-based PCR and Sanger sequencing to evaluate PNA probe-based PCR. RESULTS: Among 271 cases that were positive for H pylori on IHC which was considered as a standard method, 264 cases (97.4%) and 259 cases (95.6%) were positively detected by HE/WS and PNA probe-based qPCR, respectively. Of 100 H pylori-positive patients tested by IHC, H pylori was detected in 93 cases (93.0%) by PNA probe-based PCR, 86 cases (86.0%) by DPO-based PCR, and 93 cases (93.0%) by conventional PCR. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of PNA probe-based qPCR were 93.0%, 94.9%, 93.9%, 94.9%, and 93.0%, respectively, which were all higher than those of DPO-based PCR. When Sanger sequencing was determined as a standard method to detect A2142G/A2143G mutations, the sensitivity of the PNA- and DPO-based methods was 100% and 94.4%, respectively, and the specificity was 100% for both methods. CONCLUSION: PNA probe-based qPCR is an appropriate method for detecting H pylori and the clarithromycin resistance-associated mutation type.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Won Kyu(김원규)
Kim, Hyunki(김현기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2292-5584
Nahm, Ji Hae(남지해) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0902-866X
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