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Therapeutic Effect of Curcumin, a Plant Polyphenol Extracted From Curcuma longae, in Fibroblasts From Patients With Graves' Orbitopathy

Authors
 Jihei Sara Lee  ;  Jinjoo Kim  ;  Eun Jig Lee  ;  Jin Sook Yoon 
Citation
 INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, Vol.60(13) : 4129-4140, 2019 
Journal Title
 INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE 
ISSN
 0146-0404 
Issue Date
2019
Abstract
Purpose: We examined the therapeutic effect of nontoxic concentrations of curcumin, a plant polyphenol extracted from Curcuma longae, in primary cultures of orbital fibroblasts from Graves' orbitopathy (GO). Methods: The effect of curcumin on interleukin (IL)-1β induced-proinflammatory cytokine production was determined using quantitative real-time PCR, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Western blot analysis. Adipogenic differentiation was identified using Oil-Red O staining, and levels of peroxisome proliferator activator γ (PPARγ) and CCAAT-enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBP) α/β were determined by Western blot analyses. Antioxidant activity was measured using an oxidant-sensitive fluorescent probe to detect intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated in response to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and cigarette smoke extract (CSE). Results: Treatment with curcumin resulted in a dose- and time-dependent decrease in IL-1β-induced synthesis of inflammatory cytokines, including IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, and ICAM-1 at both mRNA and protein levels. Decrease in lipid droplets and expression of PPARγ and c/EBPα/β were noted in fibroblasts treated with curcumin during adipose differentiation. CSE- or H2O2-induced ROS synthesis was significantly lower in curcumin-treated fibroblasts in comparison with the control. Curcumin significantly suppressed IL-1β-induced phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase, Akt, c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase, and nuclear factor κ-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells, p65 proteins and stimulated β-catenin translocation into nucleus during adipogenesis. Conclusions: Curcumin inhibits proinflammatory cytokine production, ROS synthesis, and adipogenesis in orbital fibroblasts of GO patients in vitro possibly related to multiple proinflammatory signaling molecules and β-catenin pathway. The results of the study support potential use of the curcumin in the treatment of GO.
Full Text
http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2752497
DOI
10.1167/iovs.19-27376
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yoon, Jin Sook(윤진숙) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8751-9467
Lee, Eun Jig(이은직) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9876-8370
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/173151
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